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Review article


Marija Geiger

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (9 MB) pages 15-27 downloads: 369* cite
APA 6th Edition
Geiger, M. (2002). SPIRITUALNI ASPEKTI EKOFEMINIZMA. Socijalna ekologija, 11 (1-2), 15-27. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Geiger, Marija. "SPIRITUALNI ASPEKTI EKOFEMINIZMA." Socijalna ekologija, vol. 11, no. 1-2, 2002, pp. 15-27. Accessed 8 Aug. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Geiger, Marija. "SPIRITUALNI ASPEKTI EKOFEMINIZMA." Socijalna ekologija 11, no. 1-2 (2002): 15-27.
Geiger, M. (2002). 'SPIRITUALNI ASPEKTI EKOFEMINIZMA', Socijalna ekologija, 11(1-2), pp. 15-27. Available at: (Accessed 08 August 2020)
Geiger M. SPIRITUALNI ASPEKTI EKOFEMINIZMA. Socijalna ekologija [Internet]. 2002 [cited 2020 August 08];11(1-2):15-27. Available from:
M. Geiger, "SPIRITUALNI ASPEKTI EKOFEMINIZMA", Socijalna ekologija, vol.11, no. 1-2, pp. 15-27, 2002. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 08 August 2020]

This article presents fundamental concepts of cultural ecofeminism which analyses the environmental problems in context of patriarchal society and patriarchal culture, and which creates alternative (matriarchal) model of society based on communication, solidarity, equality, cooperation and consensus. It emphasizes the spirituality as key factor of personal and social change. Debates about spirituality are very controversial, so they cause a conflict between liberal, social and cultural ecofeminism. Cultural ecofeminism and “earth based spiritualities” stresses the nesessity of spirituality from historical, ethical, epistemological, metodological, conceptual and theoretical reasons. Spiritual ecofeminism rejects the Christian anthropocentrism with white masculine construct of One God — the Lord. Instead of this belief, it renewes the ancient matriarchal beliefs and cults of Goddess Mother as symbol of fertility, as well as animistic beliefs in Ghost or a Spirits, and it incorporates some elements of hinduism, budism and christianity. This form of ecofeminism reject anthropocentric/androcentric concept of Universe and suggest the ecocentric image of the world as a circle — the symbol of eternal return and holistic concept of love as a strenght which will help to solve the ecological crisis.

anthropocentrism; cultural ecofeminism; dualism; ecofeminism; concept of God and Goddess; holism; matriarchy; patriarchy; spirituality

Hrčak ID: 139457


[croatian] [german]

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