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Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes

Sven Kurbel   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9318-7254 ; Osijek Medical Faculty. J Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Saša Rapan ; Osijek University Hospital, Dept. of Ortopedic Surgery, Osijek, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (702 KB) str. 11-15 preuzimanja: 799* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Kurbel, S. i Rapan, S. (2015). Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes. Periodicum biologorum, 117 (1), 11-15. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/139481
MLA 8th Edition
Kurbel, Sven i Saša Rapan. "Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 117, br. 1, 2015, str. 11-15. https://hrcak.srce.hr/139481. Citirano 23.01.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kurbel, Sven i Saša Rapan. "Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes." Periodicum biologorum 117, br. 1 (2015): 11-15. https://hrcak.srce.hr/139481
Harvard
Kurbel, S., i Rapan, S. (2015). 'Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes', Periodicum biologorum, 117(1), str. 11-15. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/139481 (Datum pristupa: 23.01.2020.)
Vancouver
Kurbel S, Rapan S. Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 23.01.2020.];117(1):11-15. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/139481
IEEE
S. Kurbel i S. Rapan, "Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes", Periodicum biologorum, vol.117, br. 1, str. 11-15, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/139481. [Citirano: 23.01.2020.]

Sažetak
In this review paper several emerging issues related to development of
human posture and locomotion are arranged in a provisional time frame.

Accumulated evidences show that the Eurasian climate was often cold
and arid with abundant dust in the atmosphere during the last 500 Ky.
These dusty periods of cold, aridity and low insolation lasted from 360 to
340 Kya, 270 to 255 Kya, 170 to 130 Kya, 80 to 60 and finally 40 to 10
Kya. They coincide with migrations of Neanderthals and H. sapiens out of
Africa, suggesting that harsh climates might have been important factors in forcing global migrations of our ancestors.

When reaching the middle Eurasian latitudes, with reduced sun exposure
due to dusty atmosphere and no sea food, our ancestors developed a deficit of vitamin D with compromised locomotion of young individuals due to rickets. This problem of bone maturation made a strong selection pressure toward lighter skin pigmentation.

New evidences suggest that skin pigmentation genes in our genome came from the Neanderthals. They have survived several dusty periods, under the selection pressure of becoming pale skinned during their more than 400 Ky in Eurasia.

On the other hand, H. sapiens came much later from Africa. Long-legged
modern men could easily chase smaller prays, while groups of slower Neanderthals proambushed larger prays. Fossil evidence suggests that both hominid species lived in the same areas for thousands of years, until the final survivors turned out to be mixed individuals, possibly of Caucasian phenotype although with pale skin genes inherited from their Neanderthal ancestors.

Ključne riječi
human locomotion; Eurasian climate; H. Sapiens; H. Neanderthalis; insolation; vitamin D; ricketts

Hrčak ID: 139481

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/139481

Posjeta: 951 *