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Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002627

Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples

Amir Shareghi Najar ; Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Antonija Mitrovic ; Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Kourosh Neshatian ; Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Fulltext: english, pdf (4 MB) pages 171-190 downloads: 665* cite
APA 6th Edition
Shareghi Najar, A., Mitrovic, A. & Neshatian, K. (2015). Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples. Journal of computing and information technology, 23 (2), 171-190. https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002627
MLA 8th Edition
Shareghi Najar, Amir, et al. "Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples." Journal of computing and information technology, vol. 23, no. 2, 2015, pp. 171-190. https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002627. Accessed 9 Apr. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Shareghi Najar, Amir, Antonija Mitrovic and Kourosh Neshatian. "Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples." Journal of computing and information technology 23, no. 2 (2015): 171-190. https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002627
Harvard
Shareghi Najar, A., Mitrovic, A., and Neshatian, K. (2015). 'Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples', Journal of computing and information technology, 23(2), pp. 171-190. https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002627
Vancouver
Shareghi Najar A, Mitrovic A, Neshatian K. Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples. Journal of computing and information technology [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2020 April 09];23(2):171-190. https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002627
IEEE
A. Shareghi Najar, A. Mitrovic and K. Neshatian, "Eye Tracking and Studying Examples: How Novices and Advanced Learners Study SQL Examples", Journal of computing and information technology, vol.23, no. 2, pp. 171-190, 2015. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.2498/cit.1002627

Abstracts
Eye tracking provides information about a user’s eye gaze movements. For many years, eye tracking has been used in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) research. Similarly, research on computerised educational systems also relies heavily on students’ interactions with systems, and therefore eye tracking has been used to study and improve learning. We have recently conducted several studies on using worked examples in addition to scaffolded problem solving. The goal of the project reported in this paper was to investigate how novices and advanced students learn from examples. The study was performed in the context of SQL-Tutor, a mature Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) that teaches SQL. We propose a new technique to analyse eye-gaze patterns named EGPA. In order to comprehend an SQL example, students require the information about tables’ names and their attributes which are available in a database schema. Thus, if students paid attention to the database schema, they would understand SQL examples more easily. We analysed students’ eye movement data from different perspectives, and found that advanced students paid more attention to database schema than novices. In future work, we will use the findings from this study to provide proactive feedback or individualised amounts of information.

Keywords
worked examples; eye tracking; data mining; eye-gaze behaviour; SQL-Tutor

Hrčak ID: 139794

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/139794

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