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https://doi.org/10.11613/BM.2015.026

Liver transplantation reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients with chronic hepatic failure

Diana Lebherz-Eichinger ; Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Remy Schwarzer ; Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Michael C. Motal ; Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Daniel A. Klaus ; Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Andreas Mangold ; Christian Doppler Laboratory for Cardiac and Thoracic Diagnosis and Regeneration, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Hendrik J. Ankersmit ; Christian Doppler Laboratory for Cardiac and Thoracic Diagnosis and Regeneration, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Gabriela A. Berlakovich ; Department of Transplant Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Claus G. Krenn ; Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Georg A. Roth ; Department of Anesthesiology, General Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (221 KB) str. 252-261 preuzimanja: 251* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Lebherz-Eichinger, D., Schwarzer, R., Motal, M.C., Klaus, D.A., Mangold, A., Ankersmit, H.J., ... Roth, G.A. (2015). Liver transplantation reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients with chronic hepatic failure. Biochemia Medica, 25 (2), 252-261. https://doi.org/10.11613/BM.2015.026
MLA 8th Edition
Lebherz-Eichinger, Diana, et al. "Liver transplantation reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients with chronic hepatic failure." Biochemia Medica, vol. 25, br. 2, 2015, str. 252-261. https://doi.org/10.11613/BM.2015.026. Citirano 27.01.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Lebherz-Eichinger, Diana, Remy Schwarzer, Michael C. Motal, Daniel A. Klaus, Andreas Mangold, Hendrik J. Ankersmit, Gabriela A. Berlakovich, Claus G. Krenn i Georg A. Roth. "Liver transplantation reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients with chronic hepatic failure." Biochemia Medica 25, br. 2 (2015): 252-261. https://doi.org/10.11613/BM.2015.026
Harvard
Lebherz-Eichinger, D., et al. (2015). 'Liver transplantation reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients with chronic hepatic failure', Biochemia Medica, 25(2), str. 252-261. https://doi.org/10.11613/BM.2015.026
Vancouver
Lebherz-Eichinger D, Schwarzer R, Motal MC, Klaus DA, Mangold A, Ankersmit HJ i sur. Liver transplantation reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients with chronic hepatic failure. Biochemia Medica [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 27.01.2021.];25(2):252-261. https://doi.org/10.11613/BM.2015.026
IEEE
D. Lebherz-Eichinger, et al., "Liver transplantation reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients with chronic hepatic failure", Biochemia Medica, vol.25, br. 2, str. 252-261, 2015. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.11613/BM.2015.026

Sažetak
Introduction: Sparse data are available about the effect of therapy methods on antibody levels in patients with liver failure. The aim of this study was to determine serum immunoglobulin concentrations in patients with chronic hepatic failure (CHF), acute- (ALF), or acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and to evaluate the impact of MARS treatment or liver transplantation (LT) on antibody levels.
Materials and methods: We followed ten patients with ALF, twelve with ACLF and 18 with CHF. Eight patients with ALF and seven with ACLF underwent MARS therapy, whereas the rest received LT. 13 healthy volunteers served as controls. Serum antibody concentrations were measured using ELISA-technique.
Results: Median serum levels of IgA, IgG and IgM were significantly increased in patients with CHF compared to ALF or controls (P < 0.02, P < 0.01, and P < 0.01). IgM and IgG concentrations were also significantly elevated in patients with CHF compared to ACLF (IgM, 3.7 vs. 1 g/L, P < 0.001; IgG, 8.7 vs. 3.1 g/L, P = 0.004). Immediately after LT a significant decrease of IgA (6.9 vs. 3.1 g/L, P = 0.004), IgG (8.7 vs. 5.1 g/L, P = 0.02) and IgM (3.7 vs. 1.8 g/L, P = 0.001) was detected in patients with CHF and antibody levels further decreased the days after LT reaching levels comparable to healthy individuals. MARS treatment had no apparent effect on the immunoglobulin profile in patients with ALF or ACLF.
Conclusion: We provide evidence that LT reverses hypergammaglobulinemia in patients suffering from CHF within one day, which could be explained to a reconstituted hepatic antibody clearance, whereas MARS treatment has no immediate effect on immunoglobulin levels.

Ključne riječi
antibodies; immunoglobulins; liver failure; liver transplantation; artificial liver support system, molecular adsorbent recirculating system

Hrčak ID: 139812

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/139812

Posjeta: 431 *