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Review article
https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601

The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland

Ewa MATYJASZCZYK ; Plant Protection Institute – National Research Institute, ul. Władysława Węgorka 20; 60—318 Poznań,Poland
Joanna SOBCZAK
Magdalena SZULC

Fulltext: english, pdf (272 KB) pages 0-0 downloads: 307* cite
APA 6th Edition
MATYJASZCZYK, E., SOBCZAK, J. & SZULC, M. (2015). The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 16 (2), 0-0. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601
MLA 8th Edition
MATYJASZCZYK, Ewa, et al. "The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland." Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol. 16, no. 2, 2015, pp. 0-0. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601. Accessed 29 Nov. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
MATYJASZCZYK, Ewa, Joanna SOBCZAK and Magdalena SZULC. "The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland." Journal of Central European Agriculture 16, no. 2 (2015): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601
Harvard
MATYJASZCZYK, E., SOBCZAK, J., and SZULC, M. (2015). 'The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland', Journal of Central European Agriculture, 16(2), pp. 0-0. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601
Vancouver
MATYJASZCZYK E, SOBCZAK J, SZULC M. The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland. Journal of Central European Agriculture [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2021 November 29];16(2):0-0. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601
IEEE
E. MATYJASZCZYK, J. SOBCZAK and M. SZULC, "The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland", Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol.16, no. 2, pp. 0-0, 2015. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601

Abstracts
Beginning from June 2015, non-professionals will be allowed to only buy and use plant protection products bearing information on the label that they are intended for use by non-professionals. Based on the current register and derogations, the following products will be available for use by amateurs: 21 fungicides, 30 insecticides and 15 herbicides with respectively 20, 14 and 9 different active substances. Over a third of the mentioned active substances of fungicides and insecticides are classified as “high risk” in terms of probability of pest resistance development. For numerous uses only a single product is available. The area of home gardens in Poland amounts to 53.5 thousand hectares. Sales of plant protection products for use by amateurs is about 7% of the market value. The very limited availability of chemical plant protection products for non-professionals can be a serious problem if seen from the perspective of pest resistance development and dissemination. Resistant pests may also affect farms with commercial production.Poland is an important producer of a variety of fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants with a very limited availability of chemical protection. Resistance development can further reduce the practical means of pest control and became a serious economic problem.

Keywords
active substances; amateurs; availability; law; legal changes; nonprofessionals; pesticides; plant protection; products; resistance

Hrčak ID: 141290

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/141290

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