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Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the infant

Olgica Milankov ; Institute of Child and Youth Healthcare of Vojvodina, Pediatric Clinic
Radojica Savić
Milena Bjelica
Dragan Katanić
Jovan Lovrenski
Nada Vučković

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (141 KB) str. 231-233 preuzimanja: 649* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Milankov, O., Savić, R., Bjelica, M., Katanić, D., Lovrenski, J. i Vučković, N. (2014). Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the infant. Paediatria Croatica, 58 (3), 231-233.
MLA 8th Edition
Milankov, Olgica, et al. "Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the infant." Paediatria Croatica, vol. 58, br. 3, 2014, str. 231-233. Citirano 10.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Milankov, Olgica, Radojica Savić, Milena Bjelica, Dragan Katanić, Jovan Lovrenski i Nada Vučković. "Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the infant." Paediatria Croatica 58, br. 3 (2014): 231-233.
Milankov, O., et al. (2014). 'Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the infant', Paediatria Croatica, 58(3), str. 231-233.
Milankov O, Savić R, Bjelica M, Katanić D, Lovrenski J, Vučković N. Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the infant. Paediatria Croatica [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 10.08.2020.];58(3):231-233.
O. Milankov, R. Savić, M. Bjelica, D. Katanić, J. Lovrenski i N. Vučković, "Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the infant", Paediatria Croatica, vol.58, br. 3, str. 231-233, 2014. [Online].

Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn and infant is a rare disease, with still unknown incidence, which usually occurs in term or
post-term newborns that have experienced perinatal stress. It usually occurs within the fi rst six weeks of newborn’s life; however,
onset of the disease may be delayed for several months. A 6-week-old female infant was admitted to our department due to failure
to thrive, irritability and vomiting. Physical examination in the area of the inner thighs, hips, back and shoulders, revealed the
presence of subcutaneous infi ltrations, which were fi rm, slightly livid, and did not seem painful to touch. Laboratory analysis showed
hypercalcemia, ultrasonographic review of body fat revealed hyperechogenicity, while abdominal ultrasound revealed nephrocalcinosis.
Computerized tomography detected the presence of calcifi cations in the brain. Deep skin biopsy confi rmed the diagnosis of
subcutaneous fat necrosis. Treatment included fl uid loading, termination of vitamin D substitution, and low calcium diet. Single
doses of calcitonin and pamidronate were administered. After this therapy, calcium levels returned to normal range. Subcutaneous
infi ltrates gradually decreased and became softer. In most reported cases, regression of skin lesions is expected after a few months,
often without any residue on the skin. Elevated serum calcium may persist long after the withdrawal of cutaneous lesions, which is
the reason for continuous monitoring of serum calcium and appropriate treatment in case of hypercalcemia in order to prevent
metastatic calcifi cation.

Ključne riječi
fat necrosis; hypercalcemia; infant, newborn

Hrčak ID: 142308



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