APA 6th Edition Gaurina-Međimurec, N., Matanović, D. & Krklec, G. (1994). CEMENT SLURRIES FOR GEOTHERMAL WELLS CEMENTING. Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik, 6 (1), 127-134. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/13715
MLA 8th Edition Gaurina-Međimurec, Nediljka, et al. "CEMENT SLURRIES FOR GEOTHERMAL WELLS CEMENTING." Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik, vol. 6, no. 1, 1994, pp. 127-134. https://hrcak.srce.hr/13715. Accessed 3 Jun. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition Gaurina-Međimurec, Nediljka, Davorin Matanović and Gracijan Krklec. "CEMENT SLURRIES FOR GEOTHERMAL WELLS CEMENTING." Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik 6, no. 1 (1994): 127-134. https://hrcak.srce.hr/13715
Harvard Gaurina-Međimurec, N., Matanović, D., and Krklec, G. (1994). 'CEMENT SLURRIES FOR GEOTHERMAL WELLS CEMENTING', Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik, 6(1), pp. 127-134. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/13715 (Accessed 03 June 2020)
Vancouver Gaurina-Međimurec N, Matanović D, Krklec G. CEMENT SLURRIES FOR GEOTHERMAL WELLS CEMENTING. Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik [Internet]. 1994 [cited 2020 June 03];6(1):127-134. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/13715
IEEE N. Gaurina-Međimurec, D. Matanović and G. Krklec, "CEMENT SLURRIES FOR GEOTHERMAL WELLS CEMENTING", Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik, vol.6, no. 1, pp. 127-134, 1994. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/13715. [Accessed: 03 June 2020]
Abstracts During a well cementing special place belongs to the cement slurry design. To ensure the best quality of cementing, a thorough understanding of well parameters is essential, as well as behaviour of cement slurry (especially at high temperatures) and application of proven cementing techniques. Many cement jobs fail because of bad job planning. Well cementing without regarding what should be accomplished, can lead to well problems (channels in the cement, unwanted water, gas or fluid production, pipe corrosion) and expensive well repairs. Cementing temperature conditions are important because bot-tomhole circulating temperatures affect slurry thickening time, arheology, set time and compressive strength development. Knowing the actual temperature which cement encounters during placement allows the selection of proper cementing materials for a specific application.
Slurry design is affected by well depth, bottom hole circulating temperature and static temperature, type or drilling fluid, slurry density, pumping time, quality of mix water, fluid loss control, flow regime, settling and free water, quality of cement, dry or liquid additives, strength development, and quality of the lab cement testing and equipment. Most Portland cements and Class J cement have shown suitable performances in geot-hermal wells. Cement system designs for geothermal wells differ from those for conventional high temperature oil and gas wells in the exclusive use of silica flour instead of silica sand, and the avoidance of fly ash as an extender.
In this paper, Portland cement behaviour at high temperatures is described. Cement slurry and set cement properties are also described. Published in literature, the composition of cement slurries which were tested in geothermal conditions and which obtained required compressive strength and water permeability are listed. As a case of our practice geothermal wells Velika Ciglena-1 and Velika Ciglena-la are described.