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Review article

Lumbar spinal stenosis: methods of treatment with emphasis on epidural steroid injections

NEVEN ELEZOVIC ; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital Split, Spinčićeva 21, 21000 Split, Croatia
DRAGICA KOPIC ; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital Split, Spinčićeva 21, 21000 Split, Croatia
SANDA STOJANOVIC STIPIC ; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital Split, Spinčićeva 21, 21000 Split, Croatia
ANA SARIC ; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital Split, Spinčićeva 21, 21000 Split, Croatia
IVAN RADOS ; Faculty of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, University Hospital Osijek, J.Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
ANELA ELEZOVIC ; School of Health Split, Vukovarska 44, 21000 Split, Croatia
TOMISLAV LJUBICIC ; The Croatian Institute of Emergency Medicine Dubrovnik and Neretva Country, Dr. Ante Sercera 4b, 20000 Dubrovnik, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (1 MB) pages 251-253 downloads: 352* cite
APA 6th Edition
ELEZOVIC, N., KOPIC, D., STOJANOVIC STIPIC, S., SARIC, A., RADOS, I., ELEZOVIC, A. & LJUBICIC, T. (2015). Lumbar spinal stenosis: methods of treatment with emphasis on epidural steroid injections. Periodicum biologorum, 117 (2), 251-253. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/142918
MLA 8th Edition
ELEZOVIC, NEVEN, et al. "Lumbar spinal stenosis: methods of treatment with emphasis on epidural steroid injections." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 117, no. 2, 2015, pp. 251-253. https://hrcak.srce.hr/142918. Accessed 8 Apr. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
ELEZOVIC, NEVEN, DRAGICA KOPIC, SANDA STOJANOVIC STIPIC, ANA SARIC, IVAN RADOS, ANELA ELEZOVIC and TOMISLAV LJUBICIC. "Lumbar spinal stenosis: methods of treatment with emphasis on epidural steroid injections." Periodicum biologorum 117, no. 2 (2015): 251-253. https://hrcak.srce.hr/142918
Harvard
ELEZOVIC, N., et al. (2015). 'Lumbar spinal stenosis: methods of treatment with emphasis on epidural steroid injections', Periodicum biologorum, 117(2), pp. 251-253. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/142918 (Accessed 08 April 2020)
Vancouver
ELEZOVIC N, KOPIC D, STOJANOVIC STIPIC S, SARIC A, RADOS I, ELEZOVIC A, et al. Lumbar spinal stenosis: methods of treatment with emphasis on epidural steroid injections. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2020 April 08];117(2):251-253. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/142918
IEEE
N. ELEZOVIC, et al., "Lumbar spinal stenosis: methods of treatment with emphasis on epidural steroid injections", Periodicum biologorum, vol.117, no. 2, pp. 251-253, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/142918. [Accessed: 08 April 2020]

Abstracts
Background and Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare two
techniques of steroid application into epidural space to patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), a chronic degenerative spine disorder.
Patients and Methods: Sixty LSS patients have been distributed into
2 groups: “BLIND” (n=30, interlaminar epidural steroid injection without RTG control) and “RTG” (n=30, transforaminal epidural injection with RTG control). All patients have received 80 mg of triamcinolon (Kenalog) into epidural space on L4/L5 level, together with 0,5% lidocain (patients in RTG group 3 ml and those in BLIND group 10 ml) in 3 week intervals. They were asked to describe the pain using visual analogue scales (VAS) at the beginning of treatment (VAS-0), after the first (VAS-1), the second (VAS-2) and the third epidural injection (VAS-3). The differences between groups were shown using t-test (age) and c2-test (gender). Medians of VAS
scores were statistically described using non parametrial methods. P<0.05 was considered as a statistically significant.

Results: There is no statistical difference among patients regarding to
age (P=0.93), gender (P=0.12) and VAS-0 score before the first injection (P=0.27). There is a statistically significant reduction of pain in relation to VAS-0 in both groups (P<0.001). Both groups do not statistically differ when it comes to their effectiveness in regards to VAS scores.

Conclusions: We did not find any statistical difference in postinterventional VAS scores among two groups of patients. Choice of technique depends on the experience of the anesthesiologist, as well as on the local technical possibilities (availibility of RTG devices).

Keywords
low back pain; spinal stenosis; epidural analgesia; steroids; chronic pain

Hrčak ID: 142918

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/142918

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