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Pregledni rad
https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2015.0401

The overall and fat composition of milk of various species

Vesna Gantner ; University of Josipa Jurja Strossmayera in Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture, Kralja Petra Svačića 1d, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Pero Mijić ; University of Josipa Jurja Strossmayera in Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture, Kralja Petra Svačića 1d, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Mirjana Baban ; University of Josipa Jurja Strossmayera in Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture, Kralja Petra Svačića 1d, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Zoran Škrtić ; University of Josipa Jurja Strossmayera in Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture, Kralja Petra Svačića 1d, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Alka Turalija ; University of Josipa Jurja Strossmayera in Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture, Kralja Petra Svačića 1d, 31000 Osijek, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (352 KB) str. 223-231 preuzimanja: 6.244* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Gantner, V., Mijić, P., Baban, M., Škrtić, Z. i Turalija, A. (2015). The overall and fat composition of milk of various species. Mljekarstvo, 65 (4), 223-231. https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2015.0401
MLA 8th Edition
Gantner, Vesna, et al. "The overall and fat composition of milk of various species." Mljekarstvo, vol. 65, br. 4, 2015, str. 223-231. https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2015.0401. Citirano 05.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Gantner, Vesna, Pero Mijić, Mirjana Baban, Zoran Škrtić i Alka Turalija. "The overall and fat composition of milk of various species." Mljekarstvo 65, br. 4 (2015): 223-231. https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2015.0401
Harvard
Gantner, V., et al. (2015). 'The overall and fat composition of milk of various species', Mljekarstvo, 65(4), str. 223-231. https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2015.0401
Vancouver
Gantner V, Mijić P, Baban M, Škrtić Z, Turalija A. The overall and fat composition of milk of various species. Mljekarstvo [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 05.07.2020.];65(4):223-231. https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2015.0401
IEEE
V. Gantner, P. Mijić, M. Baban, Z. Škrtić i A. Turalija, "The overall and fat composition of milk of various species", Mljekarstvo, vol.65, br. 4, str. 223-231, 2015. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2015.0401

Sažetak
Milk, an essential source of offspring nourishment, varies in it’s composition and properties significantly across species. In human nutrition, fresh milk and dairy products are valuable sources of protein, fat and energy, and are an important part of daily meals. Most of the world’s milk production (85 %) comes from cows followed by buffaloes, goats, ewes, mares and donkeys. However milk related food allergies in infants may be a reason for health problems and may cause a decrease in milk. The objective of this paper was to give an overview of the overall composition of milk and fat from different species in comparison to women milk. Regarding the overall milk composition remarkable differences in energy content, fat, lactose, protein and ash of the various milks were found, but also some similarities among milk from ruminants and non-ruminants were detected. The structures of fat globule membranes were similar among non-ruminants and women milk, while the milk fat globule structure in ruminants differed significantly. The size of fat globules was significantly different between species and highly correlated to the milk fat content, regardless of the specie. The amount of triacylglycerols was notably higher, while the amount of free fatty acids and phospholipids was notably lower in milk from ruminants and women compared to milk from mares and donkeys. The triacylglycerol structure in women and non-ruminantsˈ was similar. The percentage of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids was lower, while the unsaturated fatty acid content was higher in milk from non-ruminants, with a remarkably higher percentage of C-18:2 and C-18:3. The cholesterol content was similar in women and ruminantsˈ milk, but lower in that of non-ruminants. This review indicates that milk from non-ruminants could be more suitable for human nourishment than milk from ruminants.

Ključne riječi
mammalian species; overall milk composition; fat milk composition

Hrčak ID: 148181

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/148181

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 6.934 *