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https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2015.033

Overall Reduction Kinetics of Low-grade Pyrolusite Using a Mixture of Hemicellulose and Lignin as Reductant

Yun-Fei Long ; School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530 004, P.R. China
Xiao-Yan Lv ; The New Rural Development Research Institute, Guangxi University, Nanning 530 004, P.R. China
Yi-Ju Lv ; College of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541 004, P.R. China
Yogn-Ni Li ; School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530 004, P.R. China
Jing Su ; School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530 004, P.R. China
Yan-Xuan Wen ; School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530 004, P.R. China

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 593-602 preuzimanja: 242* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Long, Y., Lv, X., Lv, Y., Li, Y., Su, J. i Wen, Y. (2015). Overall Reduction Kinetics of Low-grade Pyrolusite Using a Mixture of Hemicellulose and Lignin as Reductant. Kemija u industriji, 64 (11-12), 593-602. https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2015.033
MLA 8th Edition
Long, Yun-Fei, et al. "Overall Reduction Kinetics of Low-grade Pyrolusite Using a Mixture of Hemicellulose and Lignin as Reductant." Kemija u industriji, vol. 64, br. 11-12, 2015, str. 593-602. https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2015.033. Citirano 18.10.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Long, Yun-Fei, Xiao-Yan Lv, Yi-Ju Lv, Yogn-Ni Li, Jing Su i Yan-Xuan Wen. "Overall Reduction Kinetics of Low-grade Pyrolusite Using a Mixture of Hemicellulose and Lignin as Reductant." Kemija u industriji 64, br. 11-12 (2015): 593-602. https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2015.033
Harvard
Long, Y., et al. (2015). 'Overall Reduction Kinetics of Low-grade Pyrolusite Using a Mixture of Hemicellulose and Lignin as Reductant', Kemija u industriji, 64(11-12), str. 593-602. https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2015.033
Vancouver
Long Y, Lv X, Lv Y, Li Y, Su J, Wen Y. Overall Reduction Kinetics of Low-grade Pyrolusite Using a Mixture of Hemicellulose and Lignin as Reductant. Kemija u industriji [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 18.10.2019.];64(11-12):593-602. https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2015.033
IEEE
Y. Long, X. Lv, Y. Lv, Y. Li, J. Su i Y. Wen, "Overall Reduction Kinetics of Low-grade Pyrolusite Using a Mixture of Hemicellulose and Lignin as Reductant", Kemija u industriji, vol.64, br. 11-12, str. 593-602, 2015. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2015.033

Sažetak
Manganese is widely used in many fields. Many efforts have been made to recover manganese from low-grade pyrolusite due to the depletion of high-grade manganese ore. Thus, it is of practical significance to develop a clean, energy-saving and environmentally friendly technical route to reduce the low-grade pyrolusite.
The reported results show that biomass wastes from crops, crop waste, wood and wood waste are environmentally friendly, energy-saving, and low-cost reducing agents for roasting reduction of low-grade pyrolusite. Kinetics of the reduction reactions is necessary for an efficient design of biomass reduction of pyrolusite. Therefore, it is important to look for a general kinetics equation to describe the reduction of pyrolusite by different kinds of biomass, because there is a wide variety of biomass wastes, meaning that it is impossible to investigate the kinetics for each biomass waste. In this paper, thermal gravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis were applied to study the overall reduction kinetics of pyrolusite using a mixture of hemicellulose and lignin, two major components of biomass. Overall reduction process is the overlap of the respective reduction processes. A new empirical equation based on the Johnson–Mehl–Avrami equation can be used to describe the respective reduction kinetics using hemicellulose and lignin as reductants, and the corresponding apparent activation energy is 30.14 kJ mol−1 and 38.91 kJ mol−1, respectively. The overall kinetic model for the reduction of pyrolusite by the mixture of hemicellulose and lignin can be simulated by the summation of the respective kinetics by considering their mass-loss fractions, while a unit step function was used to avoid the invalid conversion data. The obtained results in this work are necessary to understand the biomass reduction of pyrolusite and provide valuable assistance in the development of a general kinetics equation.

Ključne riječi
pyrolusite; reduction-roast; biomass; kinetics

Hrčak ID: 148522

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/148522

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 412 *