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Izvorni znanstveni članak

On the grapheme and the Croatian alphabet

Ivan Marković   ORCID icon ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (352 KB) str. 77-112 preuzimanja: 838* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Marković, I. (2015). O grafemu i hrvatskoj abecedi. Filologija, (65), 77-112. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Marković, Ivan. "O grafemu i hrvatskoj abecedi." Filologija, vol. , br. 65, 2015, str. 77-112. Citirano 03.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Marković, Ivan. "O grafemu i hrvatskoj abecedi." Filologija , br. 65 (2015): 77-112.
Marković, I. (2015). 'O grafemu i hrvatskoj abecedi', Filologija, (65), str. 77-112. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 03.08.2020.)
Marković I. O grafemu i hrvatskoj abecedi. Filologija [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 03.08.2020.];(65):77-112. Dostupno na:
I. Marković, "O grafemu i hrvatskoj abecedi", Filologija, vol., br. 65, str. 77-112, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 03.08.2020.]

The terms grapheme, graph and allograph are well-known both in grammatology and in phonology. The paper outlines the concepts that should be associated with them and the method of their establishment. It advocates a close relationship between grammatology and phonology, precisely between graphemics of a specific alphabetic script and phonemics of a language written in it. The paper puts forward a position according to which the number of graphemes in a specific alphabetic script is equal to the number of phonemes in a language written by that script. In the paper the grapheme is interpreted as an abstract unit, a class of realised graphs with the same basic function, something already done in linguistics at the level of definitions, but not done or not done consistently in the available analyses of specific alphabetic scripts. Afterwards, the established concepts and the terminology are applied to the description of the Croatian Latin script and its alphabet (Cr. abeceda). In accordance with concept distinctions, a new notation is proposed — graphs are enclosed in angle brackets (thus far generally used to denote graphemes), whereas graphemes are enclosed in double angle beckets, e.g. grapheme 〈〈a〉〉 is realised by its allographs 〈a〉, 〈a〉, 〈A〉, A〉, etc.

Ključne riječi
grapheme; graph; allograph; alphabet; grammatology; angle brackets; Croatian

Hrčak ID: 154178



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