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https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2016-0009

Morphology of Anemone sylvestris L. flower (Ranunculaceae)

Bożena Denisow   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-6718-7496 ; Department of Botany, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
Sebastian Antoń ; Department of Botany, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
Małgorzata Wrzesień ; Institute of Biology and Biochemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (769 KB) str. 74-80 preuzimanja: 1.023* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Denisow, B., Antoń, S. i Wrzesień, M. (2016). Morphology of Anemone sylvestris L. flower (Ranunculaceae). Acta Botanica Croatica, 75 (1), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2016-0009
MLA 8th Edition
Denisow, Bożena, et al. "Morphology of Anemone sylvestris L. flower (Ranunculaceae)." Acta Botanica Croatica, vol. 75, br. 1, 2016, str. 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2016-0009. Citirano 21.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Denisow, Bożena, Sebastian Antoń i Małgorzata Wrzesień. "Morphology of Anemone sylvestris L. flower (Ranunculaceae)." Acta Botanica Croatica 75, br. 1 (2016): 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2016-0009
Harvard
Denisow, B., Antoń, S., i Wrzesień, M. (2016). 'Morphology of Anemone sylvestris L. flower (Ranunculaceae)', Acta Botanica Croatica, 75(1), str. 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2016-0009
Vancouver
Denisow B, Antoń S, Wrzesień M. Morphology of Anemone sylvestris L. flower (Ranunculaceae). Acta Botanica Croatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 21.10.2021.];75(1):74-80. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2016-0009
IEEE
B. Denisow, S. Antoń i M. Wrzesień, "Morphology of Anemone sylvestris L. flower (Ranunculaceae)", Acta Botanica Croatica, vol.75, br. 1, str. 74-80, 2016. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2016-0009

Sažetak
During the monitoring of populations of Anemone sylvestris L. (Ranunculaceae), a protected species in Poland, we found that the seed set is impaired. The flower is considered an adaptation that has coevolved to achieve effective pollination and successful fertilization. Therefore we have focused on the morphological and anatomical characteristics of the flowers of A. sylvestris L. as a prelude to the study of the species’ pollination biology and plant breeding system. The large size of the flower (50.6 ± 16.4 mm in dimensions) and its bowl shape fulfil both the biotic pollination syndrome and the aerodynamic requirements for pollen dispersal and capture. The opening and closing of the perianth provide a shelter for beetles. The odourless perianth, absence of nectar, scarcity of pollen (approximately 200 000 pollen grains per flower) and its traits – small size (axis P = 18.52 ± 1.0 μm; E = 16.59 ± 0.9 μm), lack of balsam on the exine surface, starch accumulation in more than 95% of pollen grains correspond to the specialization in anemophily. The stigma is papillous, the dense hairs are situated between single carpels indicating adaptation to capturing dry
pollen and specialization in the wind pollination syndrome. The flower of A. sylvestris is an example for an intermediate form between entomophily and anemophily, i.e. a secondary and more advanced feature among Ranunculaceae.

Ključne riječi
androecium; Anemone sylvestris; anther; gynoecium; papille; pollen; Ranunculaceae; trichomes

Hrčak ID: 155480

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/155480

Posjeta: 1.365 *