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THE SEMANTICS OF DIMINUTIVES IN THE KAJKAVIAN CROATIAN LITERARY LANGUAGE

Kristian Novak   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-2609-6368 ; Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka
Barbara Štebih Golub   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-2192-2947 ; Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje, Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (272 KB) str. 57-68 preuzimanja: 1.635* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Novak, K. i Štebih Golub, B. (2016). ZNAČENJA UMANJENICA U KAJKAVSKOME 
HRVATSKOME KNJIŽEVNOM JEZIKU. FLUMINENSIA, 28 (1), 57-68. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/161119
MLA 8th Edition
Novak, Kristian i Barbara Štebih Golub. "ZNAČENJA UMANJENICA U KAJKAVSKOME 
HRVATSKOME KNJIŽEVNOM JEZIKU." FLUMINENSIA, vol. 28, br. 1, 2016, str. 57-68. https://hrcak.srce.hr/161119. Citirano 13.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Novak, Kristian i Barbara Štebih Golub. "ZNAČENJA UMANJENICA U KAJKAVSKOME 
HRVATSKOME KNJIŽEVNOM JEZIKU." FLUMINENSIA 28, br. 1 (2016): 57-68. https://hrcak.srce.hr/161119
Harvard
Novak, K., i Štebih Golub, B. (2016). 'ZNAČENJA UMANJENICA U KAJKAVSKOME 
HRVATSKOME KNJIŽEVNOM JEZIKU', FLUMINENSIA, 28(1), str. 57-68. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/161119 (Datum pristupa: 13.07.2020.)
Vancouver
Novak K, Štebih Golub B. ZNAČENJA UMANJENICA U KAJKAVSKOME 
HRVATSKOME KNJIŽEVNOM JEZIKU. FLUMINENSIA [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 13.07.2020.];28(1):57-68. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/161119
IEEE
K. Novak i B. Štebih Golub, "ZNAČENJA UMANJENICA U KAJKAVSKOME 
HRVATSKOME KNJIŽEVNOM JEZIKU", FLUMINENSIA, vol.28, br. 1, str. 57-68, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/161119. [Citirano: 13.07.2020.]

Sažetak
The paper discusses the semantics of diminutives in the Kajkavian Croatian literary language, a polyfunctional standardized idiom used in the north-western part of Croatia from the 16th century until the 1830s. By investigating a corpus of 1103 nominal diminutives, the relationships between the base and the derived word are analyzed, as well as the meanings of the diminutives themselves. The analysis has confirmed that the category of diminutives, while primarily used to convey smallness, includes a very wide semantic spectrum.
The findings are in line with previous investigations on diminutives by Jurafski (1996), who, on the basis of a corpus containing diminutives from 6o languages, stated that the semantics of diminutives are indeed focused around the prototypical meaning “little”, but that diminutives themselves, motivated by several possible cognitive mechanisms, form a radial category of a highly complex polysemantic structure.
The analysis shows that there are several possible relationships between the semantics of the derived diminutives and the semantics of the bases. The meaning of a diminutive can be motivated by all the possible meanings of the base word, but far more often by only one of the lexical meanings, mostly by the primary lexicographic meaning. Furthermore, there are numerous cases in the Kajkavian Croatian literary language in which diminutives have developed meanings that are in no way related to the semantics of the base word, as well as diminutives that – mostly through the process of metaphorization – have developed terminological meanings.
A semantic classification of diminutives is suggested, with three basic categories: objective diminutives, expressive diminutives, and terminological diminutives. Objective diminutives have the primary meaning of “small”, be it in a spatial or a temporal sense. Expressive diminutives have the meaning of “small”, but can convey further meanings as well, for example, affection or scorn. The meaning of such diminutives is often only comprehensible through context. Several terminological diminutives, which have developed non-diminutive semantics, are also presented.

Ključne riječi
Kajkavian Croatian literary language; diminutives; meaning

Hrčak ID: 161119

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/161119

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.869 *