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PREVALENCE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL BACKGROUND OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION EMERGING DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: DATA FROM A HUNGARIAN POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE

Tamás Bödecs ; Department of Midwifery, Institute of Nursing and Patient Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Szombathely Campus, Hungary
Enikő Szilágyi ; Department of Psychiatry, Vas County Markusovszky Hospital, Szombathely, Hungary
Péter Cholnoky ; Department of Health Visiting, Institute of Public Health, Recreation and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Szombathely Campus, Hungary
János Sándor ; Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
Xénia Gonda ; Department of Clinical and Theoretical Mental Health, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary
Zoltán Rihmer ; Department of Clinical and Theoretical Mental Health, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary
Boldizsár Horváth ; Department of Midwifery, Institute of Nursing and Patient Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Szombathely Campus, Hungary

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (182 KB) str. 0-358 preuzimanja: 301* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bödecs, T., Szilágyi, E., Cholnoky, P., Sándor, J., Gonda, X., Rihmer, Z. i Horváth, B. (2013). PREVALENCE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL BACKGROUND OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION EMERGING DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: DATA FROM A HUNGARIAN POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE. Psychiatria Danubina, 25 (4), 0-358. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/162107
MLA 8th Edition
Bödecs, Tamás, et al. "PREVALENCE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL BACKGROUND OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION EMERGING DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: DATA FROM A HUNGARIAN POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE." Psychiatria Danubina, vol. 25, br. 4, 2013, str. 0-358. https://hrcak.srce.hr/162107. Citirano 28.10.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bödecs, Tamás, Enikő Szilágyi, Péter Cholnoky, János Sándor, Xénia Gonda, Zoltán Rihmer i Boldizsár Horváth. "PREVALENCE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL BACKGROUND OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION EMERGING DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: DATA FROM A HUNGARIAN POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE." Psychiatria Danubina 25, br. 4 (2013): 0-358. https://hrcak.srce.hr/162107
Harvard
Bödecs, T., et al. (2013). 'PREVALENCE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL BACKGROUND OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION EMERGING DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: DATA FROM A HUNGARIAN POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE', Psychiatria Danubina, 25(4), str. 0-358. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/162107 (Datum pristupa: 28.10.2020.)
Vancouver
Bödecs T, Szilágyi E, Cholnoky P, Sándor J, Gonda X, Rihmer Z i sur. PREVALENCE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL BACKGROUND OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION EMERGING DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: DATA FROM A HUNGARIAN POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE. Psychiatria Danubina [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 28.10.2020.];25(4):0-358. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/162107
IEEE
T. Bödecs, et al., "PREVALENCE AND PSYCHOSOCIAL BACKGROUND OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION EMERGING DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY: DATA FROM A HUNGARIAN POPULATION-BASED SAMPLE", Psychiatria Danubina, vol.25, br. 4, str. 0-358, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/162107. [Citirano: 28.10.2020.]

Sažetak
Background: There are few surveys of antenatal depression and anxiety in Eastern-European countries. The aim of the present
study was to gather prevalence data from a Hungarian sample and to search for associations between antenatal depression/anxiety
and some psycho-social variables.
Subjects and methods: A population-based monitoring system was created, covering every pregnant woman in the town of
Szombathely, Western-Hungary for symptoms of depression and anxiety during the first trimester of pregnancy. Data were gathered
in the period February 1, 2008 - February 1, 2010. Five-hundred and three pregnant women were included in the sample under survey.
Results: Mean age of our participants was 29.8 yr. (SD=4.94/). One fifth (19.9%; 95%CI = 16.6-23.6) of pregnant women were
suffering from mild to severe depression as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory. Frequency of severe depression was low
(1.4%). 14.2% of the sample (95%CI =11.5-17.6) showed signs of trait anxiety as measured by the Spielberger Inventory. Mean
scores for depression and anxiety proved to be significantly higher among women who were unemployed, less than 20 years of age,
having low educational or/and socio-economic status, and displaying higher level of social mistrust. Those living in common-law
marriage had more depressive symptoms while reciprocity was associated only to anxiety.
Conclusions: Except for prevalence of severe depression, our data did not differ from prevalence found in market economic
countries. Teen age, unfavourable socio-economic conditions and high social mistrust were associated with the emergence of
clinically meaningful depression and anxiety during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Ključne riječi
suicide - public opinion - lay people - health personnel

Hrčak ID: 162107

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/162107

Posjeta: 390 *