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BOREDOM, DOPAMINE, AND THE THRILL OF PSYCHOSIS: PSYCHIATRY IN A NEW KEY

Saša Branković   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-0475-5358 ; Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (4 MB) str. 0-137 preuzimanja: 442* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Branković, S. (2015). BOREDOM, DOPAMINE, AND THE THRILL OF PSYCHOSIS: PSYCHIATRY IN A NEW KEY. Psychiatria Danubina, 27 (2), 0-137. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/162386
MLA 8th Edition
Branković, Saša. "BOREDOM, DOPAMINE, AND THE THRILL OF PSYCHOSIS: PSYCHIATRY IN A NEW KEY." Psychiatria Danubina, vol. 27, br. 2, 2015, str. 0-137. https://hrcak.srce.hr/162386. Citirano 28.03.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Branković, Saša. "BOREDOM, DOPAMINE, AND THE THRILL OF PSYCHOSIS: PSYCHIATRY IN A NEW KEY." Psychiatria Danubina 27, br. 2 (2015): 0-137. https://hrcak.srce.hr/162386
Harvard
Branković, S. (2015). 'BOREDOM, DOPAMINE, AND THE THRILL OF PSYCHOSIS: PSYCHIATRY IN A NEW KEY', Psychiatria Danubina, 27(2), str. 0-137. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/162386 (Datum pristupa: 28.03.2020.)
Vancouver
Branković S. BOREDOM, DOPAMINE, AND THE THRILL OF PSYCHOSIS: PSYCHIATRY IN A NEW KEY. Psychiatria Danubina [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 28.03.2020.];27(2):0-137. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/162386
IEEE
S. Branković, "BOREDOM, DOPAMINE, AND THE THRILL OF PSYCHOSIS: PSYCHIATRY IN A NEW KEY", Psychiatria Danubina, vol.27, br. 2, str. 0-137, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/162386. [Citirano: 28.03.2020.]

Sažetak
Medication non-adherence is a great challenge in the treatment of psychotic disorders. Several factors leading to medication
non-adherence in schizophrenia have been identified: drug side-effects, lack of illness insight, negative attitude of the patient and
friends/relatives toward medication, stigma of mental illness and taking medication, poor therapeutic alliance, substance abuse, and
role of the illness in maintaining the family system.
In this work I propose a new vista on the phenomenon of medication non-adherence in psychosis. Rather rule than exception,
non-adherence is to be expected in psychosis, it can be considered as a symptom of psychosis similarly as substance craving and use
are symptoms of the substance use disorders. Relying on the last refinements of the concepts of boredom, anticipatory anhedonia,
intrinsic motivation, and thrill I assume that there is a lure of psychotic episode. In order to escape an extremely unpleasant and
distressing experience of boredom and to experience the thrill of psychosis, the patients are prone to quit antipsychotic therapy.
The phenomena of boredom and the thrill of psychosis are evident but unexploited for strengthening the therapeutic adherence.
Making the lure of psychosis an explicit reason for medication non-adherence would bring to the awareness a personal choice
between short-term pleasure of the psychotic thrill and prevention of long-term losses due to a psychotic episode. Neurobiological
and psychobiological underpinning of the psychotic thrill has been suggested. An explanation of the pleasure of psychosis and
substance use, which overcomes the circular explanation of reward in which dopamine appears as the cause and consequence of
reward, has been proposed.
The present synthesis can be regarded as a contribution to the field of theoretical psychiatry. It points to a chance for psychiatry
to do more for patients’ wellbeing and treatment adherence performing in a new key – dealing with boredom and pleasure in
patients’ everyday life.

Ključne riječi
schizophrenia – psychotic disorders – boredom – dopamine – antipsychotics – compliance

Hrčak ID: 162386

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/162386

Posjeta: 531 *