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Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2016.04.0021

Environmental and Energy Performance of the Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas Supply Chain

Jan H. Miedema ; Center for Energy and Environmental Science (IVEM), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen, Netherlands
Henri C. Moll ; Center for Energy and Environmental Science (IVEM), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen, Netherlands
René M. J. Benders ; Center for Energy and Environmental Science (IVEM), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen, Netherlands

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (861 KB) str. 262-278 preuzimanja: 181* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Miedema, J.H., Moll, H.C. i Benders, R.M.J. (2016). Environmental and Energy Performance of the Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas Supply Chain. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 4 (3), 262-278. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2016.04.0021
MLA 8th Edition
Miedema, Jan H., et al. "Environmental and Energy Performance of the Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas Supply Chain." Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, vol. 4, br. 3, 2016, str. 262-278. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2016.04.0021. Citirano 24.07.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Miedema, Jan H., Henri C. Moll i René M. J. Benders. "Environmental and Energy Performance of the Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas Supply Chain." Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems 4, br. 3 (2016): 262-278. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2016.04.0021
Harvard
Miedema, J.H., Moll, H.C., i Benders, R.M.J. (2016). 'Environmental and Energy Performance of the Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas Supply Chain', Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 4(3), str. 262-278. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2016.04.0021
Vancouver
Miedema JH, Moll HC, Benders RMJ. Environmental and Energy Performance of the Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas Supply Chain. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 24.07.2021.];4(3):262-278. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2016.04.0021
IEEE
J.H. Miedema, H.C. Moll i R.M.J. Benders, "Environmental and Energy Performance of the Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas Supply Chain", Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, vol.4, br. 3, str. 262-278, 2016. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2016.04.0021

Sažetak
A quarter of the total primary energy demand in the European Union is met by natural gas. Synthetic natural gas produced through biomass gasification can contribute to a more sustainable energy supply system. A chain analysis of the energetic performance of synthetic natural gas where the upstream, midstream and downstream part are included has not been found in literature. The energy performance of the possible large-scale application of synthetic natural gas is therefore unsure. A model was designed to analyse the performance of the biomass to synthetic natural gas chain and to estimate the effect of 1% synthetic natural gas in the energy system. A break-even distance is introduced to determine whether it is energetically feasible to apply pretreatment. Results show that torrefaction and pelleting are energetically unfeasible within the European Union. Emissions can be reduced with almost 70% compared to a fossil reference scenario. Over 1.2 Mha is required to fulfil 0.25% of the total primary energy demand in the European Union.

Ključne riječi
Synthetic natural gas; Biomass gasification; Chain analysis; Break-even transport distance; Supply chain optimisation

Hrčak ID: 163371

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/163371

Posjeta: 362 *