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Pregledni rad
https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.4.2.395

Cardiovascular safety of protein kinase inhibitors: putting their “QT-phobia” in perspective

Rashmi Shah ; Pharmaceutical Consultant, 8 Birchdale, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, UK

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (590 KB) str. 212-231 preuzimanja: 329* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Shah, R. (2016). Cardiovascular safety of protein kinase inhibitors: putting their “QT-phobia” in perspective. ADMET and DMPK, 4 (3), 212-231. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.4.2.395
MLA 8th Edition
Shah, Rashmi. "Cardiovascular safety of protein kinase inhibitors: putting their “QT-phobia” in perspective." ADMET and DMPK, vol. 4, br. 3, 2016, str. 212-231. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.4.2.395. Citirano 27.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Shah, Rashmi. "Cardiovascular safety of protein kinase inhibitors: putting their “QT-phobia” in perspective." ADMET and DMPK 4, br. 3 (2016): 212-231. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.4.2.395
Harvard
Shah, R. (2016). 'Cardiovascular safety of protein kinase inhibitors: putting their “QT-phobia” in perspective', ADMET and DMPK, 4(3), str. 212-231. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.4.2.395
Vancouver
Shah R. Cardiovascular safety of protein kinase inhibitors: putting their “QT-phobia” in perspective. ADMET and DMPK [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 27.10.2021.];4(3):212-231. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.4.2.395
IEEE
R. Shah, "Cardiovascular safety of protein kinase inhibitors: putting their “QT-phobia” in perspective", ADMET and DMPK, vol.4, br. 3, str. 212-231, 2016. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.5599/admet.4.2.395

Sažetak
Many potentially valuable drugs, including protein kinase inhibitors (PKI), risk being dropped from further development, without exploration of their clinical benefits, if early studies show these drugs to inhibit hERG channel and therefore, to have a potential for prolonging ventricular repolarisation (QT interval). This QT-phobia results from a perceived possibility of the clinical risks of QT-related ventricular proarrhythmia, further aggravated by uncertainties surrounding the regulatory evaluation of the risk and either approvability or restrictive labelling of the drug concerned. In reality, QT interval prolongation per se is only an imperfect surrogate of the proarrhythmia risk which is much smaller than perceived and compared to their other cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular risks. PKI-induced clinical hepatotoxicity, also evaluated on the basis of surrogate markers (serum transaminases and bilirubin) is another risk that far exceeds any risk arising from PKI-induced QT interval prolongation. This review of the currently approved 28 PKIs places the QT-phobia surrounding the development of PKIs in its perspective by juxta-positioning their potential to induce ventricular dysfunction, arterial thrombotic events and hepatotoxicity. Available evidence suggests that hERG channel may prove to be a valuable therapeutic target in oncology. Therefore, the development, approval and labelling of such vital oncology drugs requires careful assessment of their benefits and their risk/benefit generally, without being overtly consumed by their potential QT-liability, in terms of their more direct consequences on clinically relevant endpoints of morbidity, mortality and quality of life.

Ključne riječi
Arterial thrombotic events; Cardiotoxicity; Hepatotoxicity; hERG channel; Left ventricular dysfunction; Proarrhythmias, QT interval; Transaminases; Torsade de pointes; Protein kinase inhibitors

Hrčak ID: 167043

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/167043

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