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“TEMPORIBUS DOMINI IOHANNIS EPISCOPI...” – On the Beginnings of Pre-Romanesque Sculpture in Boka Kotorska

Meri Zornija ; Department of Art History, University of Zadar, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (4 MB) str. 23-40 preuzimanja: 144* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Zornija, M. (2016). “TEMPORIBUS DOMINI IOHANNIS EPISCOPI...” – On the Beginnings of Pre-Romanesque Sculpture in Boka Kotorska. Ars Adriatica, (6), 23-40. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699
MLA 8th Edition
Zornija, Meri. "“TEMPORIBUS DOMINI IOHANNIS EPISCOPI...” – On the Beginnings of Pre-Romanesque Sculpture in Boka Kotorska." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 23-40. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699. Citirano 23.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Zornija, Meri. "“TEMPORIBUS DOMINI IOHANNIS EPISCOPI...” – On the Beginnings of Pre-Romanesque Sculpture in Boka Kotorska." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 23-40. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699
Harvard
Zornija, M. (2016). '“TEMPORIBUS DOMINI IOHANNIS EPISCOPI...” – On the Beginnings of Pre-Romanesque Sculpture in Boka Kotorska', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 23-40. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699 (Datum pristupa: 23.02.2020.)
Vancouver
Zornija M. “TEMPORIBUS DOMINI IOHANNIS EPISCOPI...” – On the Beginnings of Pre-Romanesque Sculpture in Boka Kotorska. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 23.02.2020.];(6):23-40. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699
IEEE
M. Zornija, "“TEMPORIBUS DOMINI IOHANNIS EPISCOPI...” – On the Beginnings of Pre-Romanesque Sculpture in Boka Kotorska", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 23-40, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699. [Citirano: 23.02.2020.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (4 MB) str. 23-40 preuzimanja: 284* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Zornija, M. (2016). „Temporibus domini Iohannis episcopi..." – o počecima predromaničke skulpture u Boki kotorskoj. Ars Adriatica, (6), 23-40. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699
MLA 8th Edition
Zornija, Meri. "„Temporibus domini Iohannis episcopi..." – o počecima predromaničke skulpture u Boki kotorskoj." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 23-40. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699. Citirano 23.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Zornija, Meri. "„Temporibus domini Iohannis episcopi..." – o počecima predromaničke skulpture u Boki kotorskoj." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 23-40. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699
Harvard
Zornija, M. (2016). '„Temporibus domini Iohannis episcopi..." – o počecima predromaničke skulpture u Boki kotorskoj', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 23-40. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699 (Datum pristupa: 23.02.2020.)
Vancouver
Zornija M. „Temporibus domini Iohannis episcopi..." – o počecima predromaničke skulpture u Boki kotorskoj. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 23.02.2020.];(6):23-40. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699
IEEE
M. Zornija, "„Temporibus domini Iohannis episcopi..." – o počecima predromaničke skulpture u Boki kotorskoj", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 23-40, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699. [Citirano: 23.02.2020.]

Sažetak
This paper focuses on a series of pre-Romanesque
fragments found in Kotor, Bijela, Tivat, Vijeće Brdo, and
the islets of Our Lady of Mercy and Our Lady of Rock
(Gospa od Škrpjela) in Boka Kotorska, which have been
attributed to a highly skilful stonemason workshop based
in Kotor, for which the name Stonemason Workshop from
the Time of Bishop Ivan of Kotor has been proposed. Their
common stylistic features, the repertoire of motifs, and
masterful stonemasonry in high-quality marble indicate
an early phase in the formation of the pre-Romanesque
style in the Eastern Adriatic, in the spirit of early Christian
art found elsewhere in the Mediterranean. Chronological
orientation points provided by the triple mention
of Iohannes, the first historically documented bishop of
Kotor, have served as a framework for dating them to
the last quarter of the 8th and the early 9th century as the
bishop participated in the last ecumenical council in Nicaea
in 787, together with bishops Ivan of Split, Laurence
of Osor, and Ursus of Rab. His name has been recorded
in remnants of liturgical furnishing found in some of the
oldest ecclesiastical buildings in Boka. He may be considered
as the promoter of church reform in his diocese,
which at that time did not result in the construction of
new churches, but exclusively in the restoration of the
existing, early Christian ones by means of adding new
liturgical elements, such as altar railings and ciboria.
Special attention has been paid to analogies with similar
sculptures that adorned the cathedrals of other Dalmatian
and Istrian cities at the time, particularly those
in Zadar, Osor, Rab, and Novigrad. These analogies include
the almost exclusive use of high-quality marble,
monumental dimensions of cathedral plutei, similarities
in the stonemasonry technique, and the use of identical
compositions and motifs, such as sinusoid foliage with
large trefoil or whirling rosettes, knotted circles with indented
leaves or a specific version of geometric interlacing.
These motifs are limited almost exclusively to urban
localities and the period between late 8th and early 9th
centuries, when there was a wave of restoration of early
Christian cathedrals. This supports the presumption that
there was a group of masters active in these centres, using
the same models. Their work reveals the same visual
language that inspired the Stonemason Workshop from
the Time of Bishop Ivan of Kotor.
The sudden emergence of such masterful sculpture
indicates that the original impulse for the development
of pre-Romanesque sculpture in Boka Kotorska may
have come from the travelling masters coming from a
northern Adriatic centre, who were commissioned by the
ecclesiastical elite to work in Dalmatian cities. By training
the following generations of artists, they made an
impact on the formation of local stonemason workshop
during the 9th century, when the pre-Romanesque sculpture
matured in our coastal cities and soon penetrated
the hinterland, establishing itself among the recently
converted Slavic population. This completes the picture
of the genesis and evolution of pre-Romanesque art in
the Eastern Adriatic, divesting at least the second half of
the 8th century from t

Ključne riječi
Stonemason Workshop from the Time of Bishop Ivan of Kotor; early pre-Romanesque sculpture; Kotor, Boka Kotorska; Second Council of Nicaea; 8th century

Hrčak ID: 170699

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/170699

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 670 *