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Silver Wall Candelabra at the Franciscan Convent of Trsat, Donation of Emperor Leopold I

Mateja Jerman   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-3980-5079 ; independent scholar

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (4 MB) str. 139-154 preuzimanja: 266* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Jerman, M. (2016). Silver Wall Candelabra at the Franciscan Convent of Trsat, Donation of Emperor Leopold I. Ars Adriatica, (6), 139-154. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711
MLA 8th Edition
Jerman, Mateja. "Silver Wall Candelabra at the Franciscan Convent of Trsat, Donation of Emperor Leopold I." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 139-154. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711. Citirano 15.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Jerman, Mateja. "Silver Wall Candelabra at the Franciscan Convent of Trsat, Donation of Emperor Leopold I." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 139-154. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711
Harvard
Jerman, M. (2016). 'Silver Wall Candelabra at the Franciscan Convent of Trsat, Donation of Emperor Leopold I', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 139-154. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711 (Datum pristupa: 15.08.2020.)
Vancouver
Jerman M. Silver Wall Candelabra at the Franciscan Convent of Trsat, Donation of Emperor Leopold I. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 15.08.2020.];(6):139-154. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711
IEEE
M. Jerman, "Silver Wall Candelabra at the Franciscan Convent of Trsat, Donation of Emperor Leopold I", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 139-154, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711. [Citirano: 15.08.2020.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (4 MB) str. 139-154 preuzimanja: 502* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Jerman, M. (2016). Srebrni zidni svijećnjaci cara Leopolda I. u franjevačkom samostanu na Trsatu. Ars Adriatica, (6), 139-154. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711
MLA 8th Edition
Jerman, Mateja. "Srebrni zidni svijećnjaci cara Leopolda I. u franjevačkom samostanu na Trsatu." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 139-154. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711. Citirano 15.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Jerman, Mateja. "Srebrni zidni svijećnjaci cara Leopolda I. u franjevačkom samostanu na Trsatu." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 139-154. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711
Harvard
Jerman, M. (2016). 'Srebrni zidni svijećnjaci cara Leopolda I. u franjevačkom samostanu na Trsatu', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 139-154. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711 (Datum pristupa: 15.08.2020.)
Vancouver
Jerman M. Srebrni zidni svijećnjaci cara Leopolda I. u franjevačkom samostanu na Trsatu. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 15.08.2020.];(6):139-154. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711
IEEE
M. Jerman, "Srebrni zidni svijećnjaci cara Leopolda I. u franjevačkom samostanu na Trsatu", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 139-154, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711. [Citirano: 15.08.2020.]

Sažetak
The sanctuary of Our Lady of Trsat is a pilgrimage
centre in the northern Adriatic visited for centuries by
pilgrims and dignitaries, who brought various artefacts
in fulfilment of their vows. Most of the oldest votive objects
are today exhibited at the convent's treasury, but the
two silver wall candelabra in question remain deposited
in the convent's storage. They were first mentioned by
Bishop Juraj Franjo Ksaver Marotti in 1710, who wrote
that they had been donated to the convent in 1693 by
the Emperor Leopold I (1658-1705). Petar Francetić and
Klaro Pasconi corroborated this information, and late
in the 19th century Julije Janković mentioned that they
were standing on marble columns at the main church altar.
In the early 20th century, the candelabra were briefly
described by Riccardo Gigante, Gjuro Szabo, Apolinar
Braničković, and Artur Schneider, but a scholarly study
establishing the true value of these precious artefacts was
still missing.
The candelabra of Trsat used to hang on the wall
like paintings, but today they are lacking the holders
with candle plates. At their centre, formed of stylized
fleshy acanthus leaves made of silver, there are shell-like
cavities with applique silver busts of a Roman emperor
and a young warrior wearing a helmet. The edge of the
cavity under the busts is decorated with an embossed
masqueron resembling a lion’s head, placed between the
curving volutes.
By donating the candelabra to the Franciscans of
Trsat, Emperor Leopold I. made a political gesture and
also continued the tradition started by his predecessor
Charles V (1519-1556), who had donated a golden
pendulum in the shape of a two-headed eagle decorated
with gems in 1536 as a symbol of Pietas Austriaca practiced
by members of the Habsburg family from the first
half of the 17th century onwards. Candelabra of this type
were mostly produced for the private chambers or lavish
salons of noble families and similar examples made
of various materials are found in museum collections all
over Germany and France. Even though the candelabra
were intended for religious space, Emperor Leopold I
was probably guided in their commission by the idea of
expressing his power by iconographically relating himself
to the mythology and history of ancient Rome. Thus,
the figure of Emperor Augustus should most probably
represent the emperor himself, while the young Roman
warrior was to impersonate his son Joseph, who was to
inherit the imperial throne.
Hallmarks have been identified on the candelabra
that had previously gone unnoticed and that positively
relate them to a particular goldsmith’s workshop in
Augsburg. One of them has the form of a stylized pinecone,
while the other shows a stork with a fish in its beak.
This was the hallmark of Antoni Grill I, documented in
Augsburg as a master from 1668 until his death in 1700.
Even though he stemmed from a family of goldsmiths,
whose members had been producing imaginative artefacts
for European courts since the mid-16th century, his
own identified works are preserved only in a few museums
and private collections. Most of them are gilded
silver plates with carefully elaborated compositions that
reveal great skill in embossing motifs in various depths
and their even distribution over the plate surface. The
same feature is evident in the candelabra of Trsat. Grill’s
models possibly included drawings by graphic artists Jakob
Wilhelm (Augsburg, documented since 1694-1738)
and Leonhard Heckenauer (b. ca. 1655 in Augsburg, d.
1704 in Munich), who likewise belonged to the Augsburg
circle of artists. Their maps contain several examples
of wall candelabra, with complex compositions and
a choice of decorative motifs that bear some similarities
with the Trsat ones. Compared to other known examples,
the candelabra of Trsat may be considered among
the first cases of this typology in the goldsmith circle
of Augsburg, and considering their provenance and the
importance of their imperial donor, they are certainly
special items in the rich heritage of artefacts made of
precious metals preserved in the church treasuries of the
eastern Adriatic.

Ključne riječi
silverwork; wall candelabra; 17th century; Trsat; Emperor Leopold I; Augsburg; goldsmith Antoni Grill I

Hrčak ID: 170711

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/170711

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 967 *