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The Avant - Garde Codes in the Poetry of Risto Ratković

Olga Vojičić-Komatina ; Filološki fakultet, Nikšić, Univerzitet Crne Gore

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (105 KB) str. 55-68 preuzimanja: 165* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Vojičić-Komatina, O. (2016). Avangardni kodovi u poeziji Rista Ratkovića. Književna smotra, 48 (182(4)), 55-68. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Vojičić-Komatina, Olga. "Avangardni kodovi u poeziji Rista Ratkovića." Književna smotra, vol. 48, br. 182(4), 2016, str. 55-68. Citirano 26.01.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vojičić-Komatina, Olga. "Avangardni kodovi u poeziji Rista Ratkovića." Književna smotra 48, br. 182(4) (2016): 55-68.
Vojičić-Komatina, O. (2016). 'Avangardni kodovi u poeziji Rista Ratkovića', Književna smotra, 48(182(4)), str. 55-68. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 26.01.2020.)
Vojičić-Komatina O. Avangardni kodovi u poeziji Rista Ratkovića. Književna smotra [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 26.01.2020.];48(182(4)):55-68. Dostupno na:
O. Vojičić-Komatina, "Avangardni kodovi u poeziji Rista Ratkovića", Književna smotra, vol.48, br. 182(4), str. 55-68, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 26.01.2020.]

Risto Ratković's work has continuously intrigued scholars for several decades. In fact, it provides an overview of all structural factors relevant for the development of the Avant – Garde among the Southern Slavs, providing alongside the author's poetic development.
Hailing from Montenegro and being familiar with the pioneering ideas of Breton’s surrealism, strongly linked to the poets of the different nationalities of the former Yugoslavia, Ratković basically connects all the foregoing coordinates forging a specific poetic way. Literary theory and history scholars have found in his works neo-romantic reflexes, then traces of Dadaism, Expressionism and definitely Surrealism. The arguments abound as to whether the poetical icon of Risto Ratković is strictly surrealistic or symbolist.
What transpires in many readings of Ratkovic’s work is, above all, his tendency towards an eclecticism of styles and genres; his commitment to the visual poetry, that is to the photo- centric information; the tendency to create aestheticism that somehow denies the concept of automatic writing that Ratkovic was not always inclined to (it is known that at the certain age he even denied the basic postulates of surrealism); and, finally, the awareness that a literary work should not be inaccessible to perception and interpretation but has to be open to alternatives of interpretation.
His attitude about the ethical issue in art permanently estranged Ratković from the passing Avant-Garde and Surrealism, only confirming what the surrealists eventually realized—the art cannot be made out of continuously drifting humans and reality.
The primary task of Ratković's work is to interpret the Avant-Garde reflexes in the poetry of the creator, as well as their roots, since only through a valid study of the evolution of certain phenomena can we identify the causes of the paradigmatic characteristics of a poetic process.
We demonstrate that Ratković's best achievements are those in which there is still a lyrical subject as a constitutive element of his poetry and those in which the iconic character achieves predominance. Death as a permanent motivation of his poetry carries a different signification than in any other poet from the region because it represents a chronotopic determinant for the existence of the beloved beings whose physical disappearance is predestined for another dimension. All of the above elements must be accounted for in an analytical approach which aims at a comprehensive reception of Ratković’s literary quality.

Ključne riječi
Avant-Garde; Dadaism; Expressionism; Surrealism; visual poetry; aestheticism; the ethical issue in art; iconic sign

Hrčak ID: 171294



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