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The Influence of Music in Reducing Pessimism of Students in Higher Grades of Primary School

Nikola Ivek ; Katolička osnovna škola Svete Uršule, Varaždin, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (40 MB) str. 185-199 preuzimanja: 380* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Ivek, N. (2016). UTJECAJ SLUŠANJA GLAZBE I GLAZBENIH AKTIVNOSTI NA SMANJENJE PESIMIZMA UČENIKA VIŠIH RAZREDA OSNOVNE ŠKOLE. Život i škola, LXII (2), 185-199. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/179036
MLA 8th Edition
Ivek, Nikola. "UTJECAJ SLUŠANJA GLAZBE I GLAZBENIH AKTIVNOSTI NA SMANJENJE PESIMIZMA UČENIKA VIŠIH RAZREDA OSNOVNE ŠKOLE." Život i škola, vol. LXII, br. 2, 2016, str. 185-199. https://hrcak.srce.hr/179036. Citirano 05.08.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ivek, Nikola. "UTJECAJ SLUŠANJA GLAZBE I GLAZBENIH AKTIVNOSTI NA SMANJENJE PESIMIZMA UČENIKA VIŠIH RAZREDA OSNOVNE ŠKOLE." Život i škola LXII, br. 2 (2016): 185-199. https://hrcak.srce.hr/179036
Harvard
Ivek, N. (2016). 'UTJECAJ SLUŠANJA GLAZBE I GLAZBENIH AKTIVNOSTI NA SMANJENJE PESIMIZMA UČENIKA VIŠIH RAZREDA OSNOVNE ŠKOLE', Život i škola, LXII(2), str. 185-199. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/179036 (Datum pristupa: 05.08.2021.)
Vancouver
Ivek N. UTJECAJ SLUŠANJA GLAZBE I GLAZBENIH AKTIVNOSTI NA SMANJENJE PESIMIZMA UČENIKA VIŠIH RAZREDA OSNOVNE ŠKOLE. Život i škola [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 05.08.2021.];LXII(2):185-199. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/179036
IEEE
N. Ivek, "UTJECAJ SLUŠANJA GLAZBE I GLAZBENIH AKTIVNOSTI NA SMANJENJE PESIMIZMA UČENIKA VIŠIH RAZREDA OSNOVNE ŠKOLE", Život i škola, vol.LXII, br. 2, str. 185-199, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/179036. [Citirano: 05.08.2021.]

Sažetak
Since the discovery of the Mozart effect, at the beginning of the twentieth century, research on the impact of music on humans have become more common. On the other hand, today's depression in children is one of the most common psychological state of children for which there is a number of tragic events. People can, in different ways, interpret bad events that happen to them in life. When people see the causes of bad events as permanent, and believe that they are in themselves and can affect all aspects of their lives, then we are talking about a pessimistic explanatory style. This paper shows that adolescents’ pessimistic explanatory style can be a predictor for depression. The aim of this study was to see whether the musical activities, prescribed by the Curriculum (2006) had an impact on the reduction of pessimism, but also on increasing the optimism. Also, the research was to question the durability of the effect of listening to music and musical activities to students. The experiment involved 32 students who were divided into two equal groups, experimental and control. The experimental group participated in listening to music and musical activities outside of classes, while students in the control group were not included in the above activities. After the experiment, the results are compared the experimental and control groups, the indicative level, showed that listening to music and musical activities reduce pessimism, but does not increase optimism. It also appeared that listening to music and music activities have a long-term effect on reducing pessimism.

Ključne riječi
explanatory style; music; Mozart effect; optimism; pessimism

Hrčak ID: 179036

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/179036

[hrvatski] [njemački]

Posjeta: 941 *