hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.13112/PC.2016.20

Age and gender diff erences in depression among children and adolescents from the city of Split

Katija Kalebić Jakupčević
Ina Reić Ercegovac   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-4228-6054 ; Filozofski fakultet u Splitu, Put iza nove bolnice 10c, 21000 Split

Puni tekst: hrvatski, html (5 KB) str. 133-138 preuzimanja: 193* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Kalebić Jakupčević, K. i Reić Ercegovac, I. (2016). Dobne i spolne razlike u depresivnosti kod djece i adolescenata na području grada Splita. Paediatria Croatica, 60 (4), 133-138. https://doi.org/10.13112/PC.2016.20
MLA 8th Edition
Kalebić Jakupčević, Katija i Ina Reić Ercegovac. "Dobne i spolne razlike u depresivnosti kod djece i adolescenata na području grada Splita." Paediatria Croatica, vol. 60, br. 4, 2016, str. 133-138. https://doi.org/10.13112/PC.2016.20. Citirano 18.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kalebić Jakupčević, Katija i Ina Reić Ercegovac. "Dobne i spolne razlike u depresivnosti kod djece i adolescenata na području grada Splita." Paediatria Croatica 60, br. 4 (2016): 133-138. https://doi.org/10.13112/PC.2016.20
Harvard
Kalebić Jakupčević, K., i Reić Ercegovac, I. (2016). 'Dobne i spolne razlike u depresivnosti kod djece i adolescenata na području grada Splita', Paediatria Croatica, 60(4), str. 133-138. https://doi.org/10.13112/PC.2016.20
Vancouver
Kalebić Jakupčević K, Reić Ercegovac I. Dobne i spolne razlike u depresivnosti kod djece i adolescenata na području grada Splita. Paediatria Croatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 18.05.2021.];60(4):133-138. https://doi.org/10.13112/PC.2016.20
IEEE
K. Kalebić Jakupčević i I. Reić Ercegovac, "Dobne i spolne razlike u depresivnosti kod djece i adolescenata na području grada Splita", Paediatria Croatica, vol.60, br. 4, str. 133-138, 2016. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.13112/PC.2016.20

Sažetak
The objective of this study was to explore age and gender diff erences in depression among children and adolescents. We hypothesized
that girls would be more depressed than boys would, and that depression would be more pronounced in older age groups. A
total of 564 subjects aged 10-18 years took part in the study. The sample consisted of 240 boys and 324 girls, students of elementary
and high schools in the city of Split. Depression Scale for Children and Adolescents was used to assess depressive symptomatology.
Study results showed elementary school eighth-grade students, i.e. the age corresponding to the beginning of middle adolescence,
to have highest overall scores on the Depression scale. Furthermore, signifi cant gender diff erences were recorded in the seventh- and
eighth-grade students, with girls having more pronounced depressive symptomatology as compared with boys. Analysis of gender
diff erences conducted separately for the emotional and cognitive aspects of depression showed girls to have higher scores only in the
emotional aspect of depression, whereas there were no signifi cant gender diff erences in the cognitive component of depression.
Above-average scores on the standardized depression scale were achieved by 20.43% of study subjects, with clinically signifi cant
results found in 5.68% of them. Eighth-grade girls were found to be the most vulnerable group. In conclusion, there is a need for
preventive activities aimed at empowering adolescents to deal with depressive symptoms. As indicated by the results of this study,
girls at the end of elementary school are particularly at risk of increased depression. Therefore, it seems important to implement
gender-specifi c preventive activities aimed at strengthening self-confi dence and self-esteem of girls and empowering their social
and emotional skills that are important for meeting the challenges and developmental tasks of adolescence.

Ključne riječi
depression; age distribution; gender identity; primary prevention

Hrčak ID: 180880

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/180880

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 494 *