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Kriminologija & socijalna integracija : časopis za kriminologiju, penologiju i poremećaje u ponašanju, Vol.25 No.1 Svibanj 2017.

Pregledni rad

Cyberbullying among children and adolescents – an overview on epidemiological studies and effective preventive programs

Silva Capurso   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-5435-9030 ; Croatian Radio Television, Radio Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik, Croatia
Ljubica Paradžik ; Psychiatric Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Specialist – Consultation Department, Zagreb
Matija Čale Mratović ; Institute of Public Health in Dubrovnik Neretva County, Department for School Medicine, Dubrovnik

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (261 KB) str. 127-137 preuzimanja: 325* citiraj
APA
Capurso, S., Paradžik, Lj., Čale Mratović, M. (2017). Cyberbullying among children and adolescents – an overview on epidemiological studies and effective preventive programs. Kriminologija & socijalna integracija : časopis za kriminologiju, penologiju i poremećaje u ponašanju, 25(1), 127-137. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/181163

Sažetak
Bullying is defined as repeated aggressive behavior (Kowalski & Limber, 2007; Olweus, 1993, and as such has been recognized as a significant social issue. Furthermore, we know that the incidence of bullying behaviors increases with the students’ age (Cassidy, Jackson & Brown, 2009; Green-Forde, 2014; Kowalski & Limber, 2007). Cyber bullying, electronic/ online bullying, or online social cruelty is, according to Kowalski & Limber (2007), a relatively new kind of bullying through email, instant messaging, chat room exchanges, digital messages etc. (Kowalski et al, 2012). The goal of this paper is to give an overview of epidemiological studies and effective cyberbullying prevention aimed at children and adolescents. Some
authors state that a student is cyberbullied if it happens two or three times a month, while others suggest that a frequency of once or twice a month is sufficient for the existence of the phenomenon (Olweus, 2012a; Hinduja & Patchin, 2012; Menesini, 2012; Kowalski & Limber, 2007). This difference between these threshold is what accounts for the discrepancies found in the data and results of various studies. Thus, we may talk about 4,5% to 24% of cyberbullied children, as in various international studies. Croatian data are similar, with 4,9 % to 29% of cyberbullied students, depending of the definition (Child Protection Center Zagreb, 2013; Zadravec et al., 2014.; Pregrad et al., 2011). The physical and psychological health, and academic performance in the context of bullying and cyberbullying are sometimes similar (Kowalski & Limber, 2013). Social cognitive theory and media effects model are a theoretical framework used to identify main categories which could explain cyberbullying, noting the following: individual factors, family, school, peers and media (Felson, 1996). Cyberbullying behaviors are connected to perception problems, hyperactivity, anger, aggression, problems of behavior control, low sociability, feeling of revenge and feeling unsecure at school (Sourander et al., 2010; Nixon, 2014). School-based intervention/ prevention programs for traditional bullying are often successful and could be used in modified forms for cyberbullying
prevention programs (Ttofi & Farrington, 2011 in Slonje, Smith & Frisen, 2013). In Croatia, several preventive programs are being implemented, aimed at bullying in schools, designed for implementation in local communities and financed by local
governments or the national administration (Zadravec et al., 2014). These cyberbullying programs are still not, though they should be, part of some broader anti-bullying programs. The aim of conducting effective preventive programs, including cyberbullying interventions, is to decrease bullying and cyberbullying in schools and improve the school climate. The goal is also to reduce students’ hyperactivity, anger, aggression and problems of behavior control and initiate better self-efficacy.

Ključne riječi
cyberbullying; bullying; students; peers; preventive programs

Hrčak ID: 181163

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/181163

Posjeta: 443 *