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EXPERIENCE WITH BIO-ETHANOL GASOLINE BLENDS

Ludwig Voelkel
Harald Schwahn
Peter Schreyer

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 321-334 preuzimanja: 1.974* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Voelkel, L., Schwahn, H. i Schreyer, P. (2007). EXPERIENCE WITH BIO-ETHANOL GASOLINE BLENDS. Goriva i maziva, 46 (4), 321-334. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505
MLA 8th Edition
Voelkel, Ludwig, et al. "EXPERIENCE WITH BIO-ETHANOL GASOLINE BLENDS." Goriva i maziva, vol. 46, br. 4, 2007, str. 321-334. https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505. Citirano 25.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Voelkel, Ludwig, Harald Schwahn i Peter Schreyer. "EXPERIENCE WITH BIO-ETHANOL GASOLINE BLENDS." Goriva i maziva 46, br. 4 (2007): 321-334. https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505
Harvard
Voelkel, L., Schwahn, H., i Schreyer, P. (2007). 'EXPERIENCE WITH BIO-ETHANOL GASOLINE BLENDS', Goriva i maziva, 46(4), str. 321-334. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505 (Datum pristupa: 25.10.2021.)
Vancouver
Voelkel L, Schwahn H, Schreyer P. EXPERIENCE WITH BIO-ETHANOL GASOLINE BLENDS. Goriva i maziva [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 25.10.2021.];46(4):321-334. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505
IEEE
L. Voelkel, H. Schwahn i P. Schreyer, "EXPERIENCE WITH BIO-ETHANOL GASOLINE BLENDS", Goriva i maziva, vol.46, br. 4, str. 321-334, 2007. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505. [Citirano: 25.10.2021.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (2 MB) str. 307-320 preuzimanja: 642* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Voelkel, L., Schwahn, H. i Schreyer, P. (2007). ISKUSTVO S BIOETANOLSKIM SMJESAMA BENZINA. Goriva i maziva, 46 (4), 307-320. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505
MLA 8th Edition
Voelkel, Ludwig, et al. "ISKUSTVO S BIOETANOLSKIM SMJESAMA BENZINA." Goriva i maziva, vol. 46, br. 4, 2007, str. 307-320. https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505. Citirano 25.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Voelkel, Ludwig, Harald Schwahn i Peter Schreyer. "ISKUSTVO S BIOETANOLSKIM SMJESAMA BENZINA." Goriva i maziva 46, br. 4 (2007): 307-320. https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505
Harvard
Voelkel, L., Schwahn, H., i Schreyer, P. (2007). 'ISKUSTVO S BIOETANOLSKIM SMJESAMA BENZINA', Goriva i maziva, 46(4), str. 307-320. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505 (Datum pristupa: 25.10.2021.)
Vancouver
Voelkel L, Schwahn H, Schreyer P. ISKUSTVO S BIOETANOLSKIM SMJESAMA BENZINA. Goriva i maziva [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 25.10.2021.];46(4):307-320. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505
IEEE
L. Voelkel, H. Schwahn i P. Schreyer, "ISKUSTVO S BIOETANOLSKIM SMJESAMA BENZINA", Goriva i maziva, vol.46, br. 4, str. 307-320, 2007. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505. [Citirano: 25.10.2021.]

Sažetak
Abstract
Ethanol, especially from biogenic sources, is increasingly being used as a component in transportation fuels in many regions of the world. Widespread use may lead to problems for manufacturers of the fuels, for the supply chain, for the fuel marketers and, last but not least, for the automobile user. These difficulties include corrosion due to water uptake and more engine deposits as a result of impurities in the ethanol. Each partner in the industry faces the challenge of minimizing the risk in his segment while taking maximum benefit from the use of ethanol.
The development is viewed as an opportunity to further improve the quality of fuels regarding fuel economy, emissions control and driveability. On the basis of results obtained in engine tests, laboratory tests and the application of our additives in ethanol fuels in the US, Brazil, Thailand, China, Sweden and other markets, the presentation shows that modern synthetic performance additives are top-performing in most ethanol fuels around the world. The fuels available in certain markets may require an increase in the overall additive dosage or in the level of corrosion inhibitor. A special problem with increased valve-sticking tendency in Scandinavia required the development of a new additive package.

Ključne riječi
gasoline/ethanol mixed engine fuel; treatment by additives; product properties viewpoint; gasoline application properties

Hrčak ID: 17505

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/17505

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 3.192 *