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Gnosis and gnosticism: problems of terminology and dualism as the most important characteristic

Ivan Bodrožić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-9420 ; Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (409 KB) str. 171-194 preuzimanja: 414* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bodrožić, I. (2017). Gnoza i gnosticizam: problematika terminologije i dualizma kao najvažnijeg obilježja. Crkva u svijetu, 52 (2), 171-194. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/183601
MLA 8th Edition
Bodrožić, Ivan. "Gnoza i gnosticizam: problematika terminologije i dualizma kao najvažnijeg obilježja." Crkva u svijetu, vol. 52, br. 2, 2017, str. 171-194. https://hrcak.srce.hr/183601. Citirano 10.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bodrožić, Ivan. "Gnoza i gnosticizam: problematika terminologije i dualizma kao najvažnijeg obilježja." Crkva u svijetu 52, br. 2 (2017): 171-194. https://hrcak.srce.hr/183601
Harvard
Bodrožić, I. (2017). 'Gnoza i gnosticizam: problematika terminologije i dualizma kao najvažnijeg obilježja', Crkva u svijetu, 52(2), str. 171-194. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/183601 (Datum pristupa: 10.05.2021.)
Vancouver
Bodrožić I. Gnoza i gnosticizam: problematika terminologije i dualizma kao najvažnijeg obilježja. Crkva u svijetu [Internet]. 2017 [pristupljeno 10.05.2021.];52(2):171-194. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/183601
IEEE
I. Bodrožić, "Gnoza i gnosticizam: problematika terminologije i dualizma kao najvažnijeg obilježja", Crkva u svijetu, vol.52, br. 2, str. 171-194, 2017. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/183601. [Citirano: 10.05.2021.]

Sažetak
In this paper the authors analyse the issue of terminology and definition of Gnosticism as a religious movement that emerged and became popular in the late classical period. Gnosticism as a reality and as a term is being examined from several aspects. Although the term Gnosticism did not exist in ancient times, it is believed that this term is justified in today’s scientific discourse; also, it is pointed out that the change of the term would bring more confusion than benefit, regardless the fact that it was not in use in ancient sources, but only the term “gnosis”. But just because of that it is necessary to make distinction between gnosis as a mystical knowledge and Gnosticism as a religious and philosophical phenomenon which included a number of schools and movements with certain common characteristics. Exploring the characteristics of Gnosticism the authors focus on the Gnostic myth in the guise of which the Gnostic representatives promoted the anti-cosmic dualism marked with a negative view of the material world and Christian cosmology of creation. One of the essential characteristics of Gnostic dualism is a clear distinction between the Supreme Being and God who creates this world, but who is evil, incompetent and ignorant. From such a mythological view on the world, a whole theological system, based on dualism, has developed. This is primarily the dualism between two Gods, that is, between the two beginnings of the universe from which it originates, but it is also the dualism between the spiritual and material components of the world. Finally, a part of the anti-cosmic dualism is the anthropological dualism that in humans differentiates material and spiritual reality, which are opposed to each other, but at it the spiritual (pneumatic) reality is true and is endowed with the ability to free itself from the body as its prison in which it resides and to join up with its Origin.

Ključne riječi
Gnosticism; anti-cosmic dualism; terminology of Gnosticism; gnosis; mystical knowledge

Hrčak ID: 183601

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/183601

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.110 *