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Review article

Current state of the plastic waste recycling system in the European Union and in Germany

Irena Žmak   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-7994-3615 ; Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Carina Hartmann ; Technical Faculty, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany

Fulltext: english, pdf (687 KB) pages 138-142 downloads: 3.042* cite
APA 6th Edition
Žmak, I. & Hartmann, C. (2017). Current state of the plastic waste recycling system in the European Union and in Germany. Tehnički glasnik, 11 (3), 138-142. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/186661
MLA 8th Edition
Žmak, Irena and Carina Hartmann. "Current state of the plastic waste recycling system in the European Union and in Germany." Tehnički glasnik, vol. 11, no. 3, 2017, pp. 138-142. https://hrcak.srce.hr/186661. Accessed 13 Dec. 2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Žmak, Irena and Carina Hartmann. "Current state of the plastic waste recycling system in the European Union and in Germany." Tehnički glasnik 11, no. 3 (2017): 138-142. https://hrcak.srce.hr/186661
Harvard
Žmak, I., and Hartmann, C. (2017). 'Current state of the plastic waste recycling system in the European Union and in Germany', Tehnički glasnik, 11(3), pp. 138-142. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/186661 (Accessed 13 December 2019)
Vancouver
Žmak I, Hartmann C. Current state of the plastic waste recycling system in the European Union and in Germany. Tehnički glasnik [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 December 13];11(3):138-142. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/186661
IEEE
I. Žmak and C. Hartmann, "Current state of the plastic waste recycling system in the European Union and in Germany", Tehnički glasnik, vol.11, no. 3, pp. 138-142, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/186661. [Accessed: 13 December 2019]

Abstracts
The paper presents the results of the analysis of the current state in waste management of plastic bottles in Germany. A data overview of the differences in recycling policies between different countries in the European Union is presented. The application of twelve different polymeric materials by five different application sectors in Europe shows the predominated usage areas of selected polymeric materials. A detailed insight into the German Dual System (DSD) for plastic recycling is presented, with the reference to the famous label the "Green Dot". The evolution of the recovery rates of packaging in Germany from 1991 to 2014 is presented for glass, aluminium, tinplate, polymers, paper and cardboard and liquid packaging board. It was observed that the plastic recycling rate has risen from ~ 15 % to almost 100 %, i.e. nowadays almost the whole plastic waste is either incinerated or recycled. Current data for PET-bottles return is determined as well, and detailed current information regarding the deposit system is presented. The actual applications and specific data showing the industry sectors that use the PET from recovered bottles are presented.

Keywords
Germany; PET; plastics; recycling; waste

Hrčak ID: 186661

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/186661

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