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Europeanization: Friend or Foe? Development of the LGBT Movement in Croatia

Sara Ana Čemažar ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Tomislav Mikulin ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (912 KB) str. 29-58 preuzimanja: 489* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Čemažar, S.A. i Mikulin, T. (2017). Europeizacija kao (ne)prijateljica: razvoj LGBT pokreta u Hrvatskoj. Mali Levijatan, 4 (1), 29-58. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/187009
MLA 8th Edition
Čemažar, Sara Ana i Tomislav Mikulin. "Europeizacija kao (ne)prijateljica: razvoj LGBT pokreta u Hrvatskoj." Mali Levijatan, vol. 4, br. 1, 2017, str. 29-58. https://hrcak.srce.hr/187009. Citirano 06.12.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Čemažar, Sara Ana i Tomislav Mikulin. "Europeizacija kao (ne)prijateljica: razvoj LGBT pokreta u Hrvatskoj." Mali Levijatan 4, br. 1 (2017): 29-58. https://hrcak.srce.hr/187009
Harvard
Čemažar, S.A., i Mikulin, T. (2017). 'Europeizacija kao (ne)prijateljica: razvoj LGBT pokreta u Hrvatskoj', Mali Levijatan, 4(1), str. 29-58. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/187009 (Datum pristupa: 06.12.2019.)
Vancouver
Čemažar SA, Mikulin T. Europeizacija kao (ne)prijateljica: razvoj LGBT pokreta u Hrvatskoj. Mali Levijatan [Internet]. 2017 [pristupljeno 06.12.2019.];4(1):29-58. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/187009
IEEE
S.A. Čemažar i T. Mikulin, "Europeizacija kao (ne)prijateljica: razvoj LGBT pokreta u Hrvatskoj", Mali Levijatan, vol.4, br. 1, str. 29-58, 2017. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/187009. [Citirano: 06.12.2019.]

Sažetak
This paper examines how Croatia’s path towards joining the European Union affected the LGBT movement. Due to Central and Eastern European countries sharing similar characteristics regarding the development of the LGBT movement after the abandonment of communism and during the Europeanization process, this paper follows two hypotheses formed through a case study of Poland: (1) the process of European integration in post-socialist Europe promotes the formal legal status of LGBT people and improves the visibility of the LGBT activist network (2) since the country’s accession to the EU the formerly repressed conservative movements against the LGBT community have become stronger. The paper examines the development of the LGBT movement over three time periods. The first period covers the time between Croatia gaining independence and starting its Europeanization process in 2000; the second period lies between the start of the Europeanization process and Croatia’s accession to the EU; the third phase covers the time after the accession. For every phase the following parts of the political process model are examined: the political opportunity structure, the activist network and the discursive framing of topics important for the LGBT movement. Analysis confirms that the implementation of the requirements for becoming a member country improved the legal status of LGBT people and increased their visibility during that time. This manifested primarily as the founding of various associations, organizing pride parades, passing the Same-Sex Union Act and introducing sexual orientation anti-discrimination norms. A discourse analysis of 328 articles unveiled the 90’s silence on homosexuality and revealed that in the next two phases discursive ideas have been present in three key areas: social acceptance, Europeanization and the "less important question”. Even though the period after Croatia's accession is not long enough to definitively confirm the second hypothesis, the referendum on the constitutional definition of marriage and the lobbying for rejecting the Same-Sex Life Partnership Act are good indicators that the conservative movement against the LGBT community in Croatia consolidated its position.

Ključne riječi
Europeanization; Croatia; European Union; LGBT movement; conservative movement

Hrčak ID: 187009

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/187009

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.129 *