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Explorations in English Language and Linguistics, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2016.

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.1515/exell-2017-0007

What is a compound? The main criteria for compoundhood

Abdel Rahman Mitib Altakhaineh   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-7605-2497 ; Al Ain University of Science and Technology

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (423 KB) str. 58-86 preuzimanja: 1.956* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Altakhaineh, A.R.M. (2016). What is a compound? The main criteria for compoundhood. Explorations in English Language and Linguistics, 4 (1), 58-86. https://doi.org/10.1515/exell-2017-0007
MLA 8th Edition
Altakhaineh, Abdel Rahman Mitib. "What is a compound? The main criteria for compoundhood." Explorations in English Language and Linguistics, vol. 4, br. 1, 2016, str. 58-86. https://doi.org/10.1515/exell-2017-0007. Citirano 24.03.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Altakhaineh, Abdel Rahman Mitib. "What is a compound? The main criteria for compoundhood." Explorations in English Language and Linguistics 4, br. 1 (2016): 58-86. https://doi.org/10.1515/exell-2017-0007
Harvard
Altakhaineh, A.R.M. (2016). 'What is a compound? The main criteria for compoundhood', Explorations in English Language and Linguistics, 4(1), str. 58-86. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/exell-2017-0007
Vancouver
Altakhaineh ARM. What is a compound? The main criteria for compoundhood. Explorations in English Language and Linguistics [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 24.03.2019.];4(1):58-86. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/exell-2017-0007
IEEE
A.R.M. Altakhaineh, "What is a compound? The main criteria for compoundhood", Explorations in English Language and Linguistics, vol.4, br. 1, str. 58-86, 2016. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/exell-2017-0007

Sažetak
This study aims to identify the main cross-linguistic criteria for compoundhood discussed in the relevant literature, with a special focus on English, ranking them from the most reliable to the least. These criteria - orthographic, phonological, syntactic and semantic in nature - have been proposed to make a distinction between compounds and phrases. The analysis reveals that the most reliable cross-linguistic criteria to distinguish between phrases and compounds are adjacency and referentiality. With regard to the former criterion, no intervening elements can be inserted between the head and the non-head of compounds, whilst such insertion is allowed in phrases. With regard to the latter criterion, the non-head of a phrase is always referential, whereas the non-head of a compound is normally non-referential. Other criteria have been found to be partially applicable, e.g. free pluralisation of the non-head, compositionality, stress, possibilities for modification and coordination, ellipsis, orthography and the replacement of the second element by a pro-form. The study also proposes a definition for compounds that may be the most widely applicable. Finally, the study concludes with ranking the main criteria for compoundhood discussed in the study.

Ključne riječi
morphology; word-formation; compoundhood; phrasehood; derivation

Hrčak ID: 189233

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/189233

Posjeta: 2.006 *