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Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.21857/y6zolb364m

Recovery of wrecks and sunken objects in the light of the amendments to the Croatian Maritime Code of 2013

Vesna Skorupan Wolff ; Jadranski zavod HAZU, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Adriana Vincenca Padovan ; Jadranski zavod HAZU, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (754 KB) str. 91-143 preuzimanja: 441* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Skorupan Wolff, V. i Padovan, A.V. (2017). Vađenje podrtina i potonulih stvari u svjetlu novele Pomorskog zakonika iz 2013. godine. Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, 56 (171), 91-143. https://doi.org/10.21857/y6zolb364m
MLA 8th Edition
Skorupan Wolff, Vesna i Adriana Vincenca Padovan. "Vađenje podrtina i potonulih stvari u svjetlu novele Pomorskog zakonika iz 2013. godine." Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, vol. 56, br. 171, 2017, str. 91-143. https://doi.org/10.21857/y6zolb364m. Citirano 05.03.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Skorupan Wolff, Vesna i Adriana Vincenca Padovan. "Vađenje podrtina i potonulih stvari u svjetlu novele Pomorskog zakonika iz 2013. godine." Poredbeno pomorsko pravo 56, br. 171 (2017): 91-143. https://doi.org/10.21857/y6zolb364m
Harvard
Skorupan Wolff, V., i Padovan, A.V. (2017). 'Vađenje podrtina i potonulih stvari u svjetlu novele Pomorskog zakonika iz 2013. godine', Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, 56(171), str. 91-143. https://doi.org/10.21857/y6zolb364m
Vancouver
Skorupan Wolff V, Padovan AV. Vađenje podrtina i potonulih stvari u svjetlu novele Pomorskog zakonika iz 2013. godine. Poredbeno pomorsko pravo [Internet]. 2017 [pristupljeno 05.03.2021.];56(171):91-143. https://doi.org/10.21857/y6zolb364m
IEEE
V. Skorupan Wolff i A.V. Padovan, "Vađenje podrtina i potonulih stvari u svjetlu novele Pomorskog zakonika iz 2013. godine", Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, vol.56, br. 171, str. 91-143, 2017. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21857/y6zolb364m

Sažetak
The legal concept of the recovery of wrecks and sunken objects has been regulated by a set of
provisions of administrative law nature dealing with the relationship between the owner of
the wreck or sunken object and the public authorities, and various legal aspects related to the
recovery operations. The right to the recovery of the wreck or sunken object belongs primarily
to the owner. The Code provides for a reasonable time limit, within which the owner is
allowed to commence the administrative procedure for obtaining a permit for the recovery of
the wreck or sunken object. This guarantees the inviolability of ownership, and establishes the
principle that the fact alone that a ship or another moveable object is sunk or stranded does
not directly influence the ownership. However, if the owner does not request a permit for the
recovery or if s/he abandons the recovery operations without a justifiable reason, as well as if
the owners are unknown, the Maritime Code provides for a legal framework for the recovery of wrecks and sunken objects by an honest finder or by the harbour master’s office.
Within the legal framework for the recovery of wrecks and sunken objects, the law of finds has
been introduced as a special legal concept applicable to wrecks and sunken objects abandoned
in the sea. It regulates in detail all segments of the recovery procedure undertaken by an honest
finder or the harbour master’s office. The Code further regulates all relevant issues related to dealing
with the recovered objects, such as their custody or, in special cases, the possibility of their
sale in a public tender. The Code regulates in detail the legal relationship between the owner
and the honest finder, and between the owner and the harbour master’s office, depending on who
undertook the recovery, in particular the obligation to pay the charges for the recovery, custody,
find, and other claims to which the honest finder and the harbour master’s office are entitled
pursuant to the Code. A special regime of property rights related to the recovered wrecks and
sunken objects is provided under the Code. The Code prescribes different legal consequences in
relation to the wrecks and sunken objects, depending on whether the owner does or does not
respond and express the intention to take over the recovered object. If the owner responds and
wishes to take over the recovered object, prior to delivery, he is obliged to settle all the claims
related to the recovery that the honest finder or the State are entitled to pursuant to the Code,
depending on who undertook the recovery. If the owner does not respond or refuses to settle all
the reasonable costs, in case that the harbour master’s office undertook the recovery, the Code
prescribes that the recovered wrecks or objects should become the property of the State. The
honest finder may also acquire ownership over the recovered wrecks or other objects if s/he
undertook the recovery, unless s/he expressly refuses to take over the ownership.
A complete system of legal norms regulating the recovery of wrecks and sunken objects further
includes the provisions on liability of the person undertaking recovery without the permit of
the harbour master’s office or against the decision of the competent harbour master’s office.
Additionally, the Code deals with legal issues related to the liability of the contractor performing
the recovery works on the basis of a contract concluded with the owner, an honest finder, or the
harbour master’s office, as well as their lien, and the right of retention over the recovered objects.
The paper analyses, comments on and interprets the norms of the Maritime Code dealing
with the recovery of wrecks and sunken objects. The authors comprehensively explain the
theoretical and practical background for the amendments of the Maritime Code that entered
into force in 2013, introducing a new legal regulation for the recovery of wrecks and sunken
objects, as well as for the compulsory removal of wrecks. The authors expound on the relevance
of the new legal norms and deliver guidelines for their implementation in practice. A
further aim of the paper is to clarify the lawmaker’s intentions incorporated in the new legal
regulation of the issues related to recovery of wrecks and sunken objects. The conclusion is
that the new legal framework relating to the recovery and removal of wrecks and sunken
objects, including the relevant administrative procedure, and the contract, tort and property
law aspects of the matter, presents a comprehensive and systematic solution and major progress
in the development of this segment of Croatian maritime law.

Ključne riječi
wreck; sunken object; recovery; removal; salvage; Croatian Maritime Code

Projekti
HRZZ / UIP / UIP-2013-11-3061 / DELICROMAR - Razvoj suvremenog pravnog i osigurateljnog režima za hrvatske marine - unapređenje konkurentnosti, sigurnosti, sigurnosne zaštite i zaštite morskog okoliša

Hrčak ID: 190230

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/190230

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 682 *