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https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.26.3.3

Expert Sports Performance – More Than Deliberate Practice? Exploring the Role of Working Memory

Dragan Glavaš   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-5950-855X ; Hrvatsko katoličko sveučilište, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, PDF (439 KB) str. 533-556 preuzimanja: 499* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Glavaš, D. (2017). Vrhunska sportska izvedba – nešto više od predane vježbe? Razmatranje uloge radnoga pamćenja. Psihologijske teme, 26 (3), 533-556. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.26.3.3
MLA 8th Edition
Glavaš, Dragan. "Vrhunska sportska izvedba – nešto više od predane vježbe? Razmatranje uloge radnoga pamćenja." Psihologijske teme, vol. 26, br. 3, 2017, str. 533-556. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.26.3.3. Citirano 14.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Glavaš, Dragan. "Vrhunska sportska izvedba – nešto više od predane vježbe? Razmatranje uloge radnoga pamćenja." Psihologijske teme 26, br. 3 (2017): 533-556. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.26.3.3
Harvard
Glavaš, D. (2017). 'Vrhunska sportska izvedba – nešto više od predane vježbe? Razmatranje uloge radnoga pamćenja', Psihologijske teme, 26(3), str. 533-556. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.26.3.3
Vancouver
Glavaš D. Vrhunska sportska izvedba – nešto više od predane vježbe? Razmatranje uloge radnoga pamćenja. Psihologijske teme [Internet]. 2017 [pristupljeno 14.05.2021.];26(3):533-556. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.26.3.3
IEEE
D. Glavaš, "Vrhunska sportska izvedba – nešto više od predane vježbe? Razmatranje uloge radnoga pamćenja", Psihologijske teme, vol.26, br. 3, str. 533-556, 2017. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.26.3.3

Sažetak
Skilled sports performance which we all admire and enjoy watching would not be possible without deliberate practice and extensive work. As a result of engagement in deliberate practice activities, experts acquire sophisticated and complex skills that, as proposed by the long-term working memory theory (Ericsson & Charness, 1994; Ericsson & Kintsch, 1995), enable them to circumvent basic limits of working memory capacity and sequential processing. Consistent with classical models of skill acquisition (e.g. Anderson, 1982; Schneider & Shiffrin, 1977), Ericsson (2014) stated that acquired mechanisms gradually result in automated processes and circumvent the role of any basic general cognitive capacities. Supported by research on superior perceptual-cognitive skills of experts (e.g. Mann, Williams, Ward, & Janelle, 2007; Williams & Ford, 2008), this view has since become the dominant theoretical account of expertise. However, recent research breakthroughs emphasize the role of working memory in sports performance at different levels of expertise (e.g. Hambrick & Meinz, 2011). In this paper, recent empirical data on the effect of the specific and general cognitive abilities on the performance in complex sports situations are reviewed. Furthermore, a theoretical and empirical contribution of including WM theories that highlight domain-general capacity and attention control in understanding sports performance is discussed, along with their potential to elaborate a general theory of expertise and to contribute to the more comprehensive understanding of expert sports performance.

Ključne riječi
deliberate practice; long-term working memory; expert sports performance; working memory

Hrčak ID: 190768

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/190768

[hrvatski] [španjolski]

Posjeta: 1.063 *