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Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering : Journal for Theory and Application of Forestry Engineering, Vol.39 No.1 Siječanj 2018.

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Analysis of Hazardous Emissions of Hand-Operated Forestry Machines Fuelled with Standard Mix or Alkylate Gasoline

Aldo Calcante   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-5615-0815 ; University of Milan Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences – Production, Landscape, Agroenergy Via Giovanni Celoria 2 20122 Milano ITALY
Davide Facchinetti ; University of Milan Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences – Production, Landscape, Agroenergy Via Giovanni Celoria 2 20122 Milano ITALY
Domenico Pessina   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-0722-0511 ; University of Milan Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences – Production, Landscape, Agroenergy Via Giovanni Celoria 2 20122 Milano ITALY

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (831 KB) str. 109-116 preuzimanja: 61* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Calcante, A., Facchinetti, D. i Pessina, D. (2018). Analysis of Hazardous Emissions of Hand-Operated Forestry Machines Fuelled with Standard Mix or Alkylate Gasoline. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 39 (1), 109-116. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/193558
MLA 8th Edition
Calcante, Aldo, et al. "Analysis of Hazardous Emissions of Hand-Operated Forestry Machines Fuelled with Standard Mix or Alkylate Gasoline." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol. 39, br. 1, 2018, str. 109-116. https://hrcak.srce.hr/193558. Citirano 16.12.2018.
Chicago 17th Edition
Calcante, Aldo, Davide Facchinetti i Domenico Pessina. "Analysis of Hazardous Emissions of Hand-Operated Forestry Machines Fuelled with Standard Mix or Alkylate Gasoline." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 39, br. 1 (2018): 109-116. https://hrcak.srce.hr/193558
Harvard
Calcante, A., Facchinetti, D., i Pessina, D. (2018). 'Analysis of Hazardous Emissions of Hand-Operated Forestry Machines Fuelled with Standard Mix or Alkylate Gasoline', Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 39(1), str. 109-116. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/193558 (Datum pristupa: 16.12.2018.)
Vancouver
Calcante A, Facchinetti D, Pessina D. Analysis of Hazardous Emissions of Hand-Operated Forestry Machines Fuelled with Standard Mix or Alkylate Gasoline. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 16.12.2018.];39(1):109-116. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/193558
IEEE
A. Calcante, D. Facchinetti i D. Pessina, "Analysis of Hazardous Emissions of Hand-Operated Forestry Machines Fuelled with Standard Mix or Alkylate Gasoline", Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol.39, br. 1, str. 109-116, 2018. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/193558. [Citirano: 16.12.2018.]

Sažetak
In addition to safety, small hand-operated forestry machines can be criticised for affecting the operators’ health, especially because of high levels of exhaust gas emissions, noise and vibrations. In this study, gas emissions, noise and hand-arm vibrations (HAV) levels have been measured on chainsaws, hedge cutters and blowers fuelled with two different types of fuel: a commercial RON 95 gasoline with the addition of 2% of synthetic oil suitable for two-stroke engines and, as an alternative, a specific advanced mixture available on the market, based on alkylate gasoline. For two different running conditions, i.e. with the engine at idle speed and when executing a typical working routine (maximum speed with load), tests were carried out for:
Þ gas emissions, using a gas analyser, for measuring the volatile organic compounds (VOC)
values
Þ noise, using a sound level meter, to record the levels at both of the operator’s ears
Þ HAV, using a tri-axial accelerometer fixed on the handgrip(s) of the machines.
The results demonstrated that, when using the alkylate fuel, the VOC emissions were reduced, in the considered machines, from 23 to over 77%, while for noise and HAV, the differences in level were not statistically significant. The present study confirms that the reduction in the amount of emissions can be remarkably improved by adopting advanced fuels that lead to a more efficient combustion process.

Ključne riječi
alkylate fuel; blower; chainsaw; hedge cutter; exhaust gas emission; noise; hand-arm vibrations

Hrčak ID: 193558

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/193558

Posjeta: 102 *