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https://doi.org/10.21857/mnlqgc0nky

The Impact of Public Health Modernisation and Female Education on Infant Mortality in Dubrovnik in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century

Kristina Puljizević   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-3281-2391 ; Hrvatsko katoličko sveučilište
Rina Kralj-Brassard   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-0312-6875 ; Zavod za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Dubrovniku, Dubrovnik, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (739 KB) str. 619-645 preuzimanja: 173* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Puljizević, K. i Kralj-Brassard, R. (2018). Utjecaj modernizacije javnog zdravstva i obrazovanja žena na dojenačku smrtnost u Dubrovniku krajem 19. i početkom 20. stoljeća. Anali Zavoda za povijesne znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Dubrovniku, (56/2), 619-645. https://doi.org/10.21857/mnlqgc0nky
MLA 8th Edition
Puljizević, Kristina i Rina Kralj-Brassard. "Utjecaj modernizacije javnog zdravstva i obrazovanja žena na dojenačku smrtnost u Dubrovniku krajem 19. i početkom 20. stoljeća." Anali Zavoda za povijesne znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Dubrovniku, vol. , br. 56/2, 2018, str. 619-645. https://doi.org/10.21857/mnlqgc0nky. Citirano 19.01.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Puljizević, Kristina i Rina Kralj-Brassard. "Utjecaj modernizacije javnog zdravstva i obrazovanja žena na dojenačku smrtnost u Dubrovniku krajem 19. i početkom 20. stoljeća." Anali Zavoda za povijesne znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Dubrovniku , br. 56/2 (2018): 619-645. https://doi.org/10.21857/mnlqgc0nky
Harvard
Puljizević, K., i Kralj-Brassard, R. (2018). 'Utjecaj modernizacije javnog zdravstva i obrazovanja žena na dojenačku smrtnost u Dubrovniku krajem 19. i početkom 20. stoljeća', Anali Zavoda za povijesne znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Dubrovniku, (56/2), str. 619-645. https://doi.org/10.21857/mnlqgc0nky
Vancouver
Puljizević K, Kralj-Brassard R. Utjecaj modernizacije javnog zdravstva i obrazovanja žena na dojenačku smrtnost u Dubrovniku krajem 19. i početkom 20. stoljeća. Anali Zavoda za povijesne znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Dubrovniku [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 19.01.2020.];(56/2):619-645. https://doi.org/10.21857/mnlqgc0nky
IEEE
K. Puljizević i R. Kralj-Brassard, "Utjecaj modernizacije javnog zdravstva i obrazovanja žena na dojenačku smrtnost u Dubrovniku krajem 19. i početkom 20. stoljeća", Anali Zavoda za povijesne znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Dubrovniku, vol., br. 56/2, str. 619-645, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21857/mnlqgc0nky

Sažetak
Urban environment of Dubrovnik of the mid-1870s witnessed a lower rate of infant mortality as compared to other parts of Croatia, but also to its rural surroundings thanks to a high hygiene standard and well-thought-out public health system which, to a large extent, had been inherited from the previous periods. Diverse modernisation processes developing throughout the territory of Croatia and Dalmatia at the turn of the nineteenth century had an impact on a declining trend of infant mortality in Dubrovnik. In Europe, the creators of state policy, medical professionals, teachers and other intellectuals united in a mission to promote new habits related to infant care. Female population was to be educated for motherhood through various mediators: from girls’ public schools, to literature which promoted a popular approach to medical issues of general concern. Some measures, such as introduction of new hygiene requirements regarding the practice of midwives, proved to have affected a wider population of uneducated women thanks to the midwives’ direct contact with pregnant women and parturients, unlike, for example, the boom of medical literature popularising infant care, which may have reached only a modest number of educated women. Following this trend, at the turn of the century Dubrovnik, too, saw the establishment of new girls’ schools, publication of a book in Croatian about infant care, whilst a number of qualified midwives practised in the city area. The impact of these improvement steps on the decline of infant mortality cannot be measured, yet it offers a plausible explanation of the declining infant mortality rate at the turn of the nineteenth century, notably if compared to the period when these processes were in an early stage (1870-1879). A drop of infant mortality in Dubrovnik from 92.92‰ down to 77‰ includes mainly the declining mortality of infants aged one to twelve months, and to a lesser extent that of the infants in their first month of life. The cause of death in the majority of samples among those gathered from the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century cannot be ascertained with exactitude from the standpoint of modern medicine.

Ključne riječi
infant mortality; public health; Dubrovnik; midwives; popular literature; women’s education; 19th century; 20th century

Hrčak ID: 199794

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/199794

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 337 *