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A Contribution to the History of Government in Croatia: The Presidium of Parliament of the People’s Republic of Croatia 1945–1953

Nenad Bukvić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-7417-4500

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (212 KB) str. 61-88 preuzimanja: 577* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bukvić, N. (2017). Prilog povijesti institucija: Prezidijum Sabora Narodne Republike Hrvatske 1945.–1953.. Arhivski vjesnik, 60 (1), 61-88. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/194724
MLA 8th Edition
Bukvić, Nenad. "Prilog povijesti institucija: Prezidijum Sabora Narodne Republike Hrvatske 1945.–1953.." Arhivski vjesnik, vol. 60, br. 1, 2017, str. 61-88. https://hrcak.srce.hr/194724. Citirano 27.07.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bukvić, Nenad. "Prilog povijesti institucija: Prezidijum Sabora Narodne Republike Hrvatske 1945.–1953.." Arhivski vjesnik 60, br. 1 (2017): 61-88. https://hrcak.srce.hr/194724
Harvard
Bukvić, N. (2017). 'Prilog povijesti institucija: Prezidijum Sabora Narodne Republike Hrvatske 1945.–1953.', Arhivski vjesnik, 60(1), str. 61-88. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/194724 (Datum pristupa: 27.07.2021.)
Vancouver
Bukvić N. Prilog povijesti institucija: Prezidijum Sabora Narodne Republike Hrvatske 1945.–1953.. Arhivski vjesnik [Internet]. 2017 [pristupljeno 27.07.2021.];60(1):61-88. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/194724
IEEE
N. Bukvić, "Prilog povijesti institucija: Prezidijum Sabora Narodne Republike Hrvatske 1945.–1953.", Arhivski vjesnik, vol.60, br. 1, str. 61-88, 2017. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/194724. [Citirano: 27.07.2021.]

Sažetak
This paper describes the scope, structure and the composition of the Presidium of Parliament of the People’s Republic of Croatia (PRC) which was active as a political governmental body in Croatia from 1945 to 1953. According to the Yugoslav constitutional system of government, the same political body existed on the federal level as the Presidium of the People’s Assembly of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia (FPRY), as well as in every republic-member of the Yugoslav federation and the scope, organization and composition of the Presidium of Parliament are compared with the scope, organization and composition of those bodies. The foundations of the activities of the Presidium of Parliament, as well as other central governmental institutions in Croatia (namely, Parliament, Government, and Supreme Court) were laid in the work of the State Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia (ZAVNOH) i.e. its Presidency, since until the end of the war they together performed the legislative, executive and judiciary government. During the 4th session that took place in Zagreb from 24 to 25 July 1945 ZAVNOH changed is title to the People’s Parliament of Croatia and since then its Presidency worked as the Presidency of the People’s Parliament of Croatia. In the period from 1945 to 1953 its activity can be divided into four mandate periods: the Presidency of the People’s Parliament of Croatia/the Presidium of the Parliament of the PRC (25 July 1945–30 November 1946), the Presidium of the Constituent Parliament of the PRC (30 November 1946–20 January 1947), the Presidium of the 1st Session of the Parliament of the PRC (20 January 1947–4 December 1950) and the Presidium of the 2nd Session of the Parliament of the PRC (4 December 1950–6 February 1953). Its existence in the system of governmental power is the result of taking over the Soviet constitutional solutions about organizing the state and governmental institutions in the 1946 constitution of the FPRY and through it also in the constitutions of each federal unit. It was the main legislative body in the period until the constituting of the Constituent Parliament of the PRC, since the Parliament of the PRC only had a single short five-day session in late August 1946. This is confirmed by the information about 29 laws passed by the Presidium of Parliament in the period from 8 September 1945 to 20 November 1946. Besides legislative, it also performed other functions from the jurisdiction then belonging to the Parliament. The constitution of the PRC from 1946 bestowed upon it performing tasks that are usually given to the president of the state (representing in the country the people’s and state sovereignty of the PRC, calling the general elections, granting pardons, awarding medals and recognitions), as well as other executive tasks partly closely linked to the legislative activities. The special function pertained to supervising the people’s committees. The important difference in the scope in relation to the Presidium of the People’s Assembly of the FPRY was that it did not have the authority in the area of foreign affairs. Even though the constitution of the PRC from January 1947 lists it together with the Parliament in the chapter on the highest bodies of the governmental power in Croatia, the sources and constitutional-legal texts of the time, in accordance with the principle of unity of power, define it as a body which “stems from the Parliament” and is subordinated to it. Also, despite being formally constitutionally defined as one of the highest bodies of governmental power in Croatia, in reality it was the Party’s transmission, since the actual power and monopoly in decisionmaking was in the hands of the bodies of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia/the League of Communists of Yugoslavia i.e. the Communist Party of Croatia/the League of Communists of Croatia. It was a collegiate body comprised of members of the Parliament. The decision of its composition was formally passed by the Parliament, but based on the conclusions reached during sessions of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Croatia. It was elected for the same term as the Parliament, but it continued to perform its duties after the dissolution of the Parliament, until the election of the new Presidium of Parliament. From 1945 to 1953 the total of 45 MPs were included in its activities. 13 of them were members during all four mandate terms, 11 during two and 14 during only one. The structure and the way of work were determined by the Rulebook dated from 7 August 1947. They were the exact copy of the structure and the way of work of the Presidium of the People’s Assembly of the FPRY, with differences deriving from different jurisdictions (federal, republic) of these two bodies.

Ključne riječi
Croatia, Yugoslavia, the Presidium of Parliament of the People’s Republic of Croatia (PRC), the Presidium of the People’s Assembly of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia (FPRY), the constitution of the FPRY from 1946, the constitution of the PRC from 1947; central governmental bodies; history of government in Croatia; period from 1945 to 1953

Hrčak ID: 194724

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/194724

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 997 *