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What is new in the Maritime Code in relation to the global limitation of the operator's liability?

Velimir Filipović ; Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (782 KB) str. 95-102 preuzimanja: 52* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Filipović, V. (1994). Što nam novo donosi Pomorski zakonik u institutu globalnog ograničenja brodarove odgovornosti ?. Uporedno pomorsko pravo, 36 (141-144), 95-102. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/203173
MLA 8th Edition
Filipović, Velimir. "Što nam novo donosi Pomorski zakonik u institutu globalnog ograničenja brodarove odgovornosti ?." Uporedno pomorsko pravo, vol. 36, br. 141-144, 1994, str. 95-102. https://hrcak.srce.hr/203173. Citirano 18.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Filipović, Velimir. "Što nam novo donosi Pomorski zakonik u institutu globalnog ograničenja brodarove odgovornosti ?." Uporedno pomorsko pravo 36, br. 141-144 (1994): 95-102. https://hrcak.srce.hr/203173
Harvard
Filipović, V. (1994). 'Što nam novo donosi Pomorski zakonik u institutu globalnog ograničenja brodarove odgovornosti ?', Uporedno pomorsko pravo, 36(141-144), str. 95-102. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/203173 (Datum pristupa: 18.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Filipović V. Što nam novo donosi Pomorski zakonik u institutu globalnog ograničenja brodarove odgovornosti ?. Uporedno pomorsko pravo [Internet]. 1994 [pristupljeno 18.09.2020.];36(141-144):95-102. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/203173
IEEE
V. Filipović, "Što nam novo donosi Pomorski zakonik u institutu globalnog ograničenja brodarove odgovornosti ?", Uporedno pomorsko pravo, vol.36, br. 141-144, str. 95-102, 1994. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/203173. [Citirano: 18.09.2020.]

Sažetak
The author analyses the system of global limitation of operator's liability in the new Croatian Maritime Code (1994) which is shaped according to the 1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims to which the Republic of Croatia is a party.
After discussing the basic principles and provisions of the 1976 Convention which are incorporated in the Code, the author proposes several amendments of the Code's provisions.
The proposed amendments relate to two categories of Code's provisions: those which have to be amended to be in accordance with the 1976 Convention and those whose amendments would reflect more appropriately over the interests of the Republic of Croatia as a coastal state.
The most important proposal concerning the amendment of the provisions falling into the first category relates to Article 410 dealing with behavior of responsible person which causes the loss of right to limit his liability. This provision is inspired by Article 4 of the 1976 Convention which provides that the responsible person shall not be entitled to limit his liability if it is proved that the pollution damage has resulted from his personal act or omission committed with the intent to cause damage or recklessly and with knowledge that such a damage would probably result. This formulation is taken from the common law system and some of its elements, viz. the concept of recklessness, cannot be translated into civil law terms. Therefore, the expression ''recklessly'' is replaced in the Code by the expression ''gross negligence''. Pointing out that the responsible persons may forfeit their right to limit liability only in case of dolus, because of the intention of the drafters of the 1976 Convention to make the limits of liability unbreakable, the author proposes the amendment of Article 410 of the Code so as to correspond to the ratio of Article 4 of the 1976 Convention.
The most important amendment concerning provisions falling into the second mentioned category relates to Article 415m para. 1, devoted to the constitution of the limitation fund. According to that Article the operator is entitled to limit his liability even if a limitation fund is not constituted.
The author stresses that this provision may have detrimental effect on the interest of the Republic of Croatia. The consequence of that provision is that in cases of pollution of the Adriatic Sea by noxious and dangerous substances caused by a foreign ship, the foreign operator is not obliged to constitute the limitation fund which could serve for covering the clean-up costs. Therefore the author pleads for the Amendment of Article 415, para. 1, and for the introduction of compulsory constitution of the limitation fund as a condition for limitation of liability.

Ključne riječi
Croatian Maritime Code; operator's liability; limitation of liability; Croatia - coastal state; Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (1976);

Hrčak ID: 203173

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/203173

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 89 *