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Review article
https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115

The Notion of Conscience from Ancient Greece to Nietzsche

Vladimir Jelkić ; Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, Filozofski fakultet, Lorenza Jägera 9, HR–31000 Osijek

Fulltext: english, pdf (292 KB) pages 195-203 downloads: 79* cite
APA 6th Edition
Jelkić, V. (2018). The Notion of Conscience from Ancient Greece to Nietzsche. Filozofska istraživanja, 38 (1), 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
MLA 8th Edition
Jelkić, Vladimir. "The Notion of Conscience from Ancient Greece to Nietzsche." Filozofska istraživanja, vol. 38, no. 1, 2018, pp. 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115. Accessed 13 Jul. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Jelkić, Vladimir. "The Notion of Conscience from Ancient Greece to Nietzsche." Filozofska istraživanja 38, no. 1 (2018): 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
Harvard
Jelkić, V. (2018). 'The Notion of Conscience from Ancient Greece to Nietzsche', Filozofska istraživanja, 38(1), pp. 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
Vancouver
Jelkić V. The Notion of Conscience from Ancient Greece to Nietzsche. Filozofska istraživanja [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2020 July 13];38(1):195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
IEEE
V. Jelkić, "The Notion of Conscience from Ancient Greece to Nietzsche", Filozofska istraživanja, vol.38, no. 1, pp. 195-203, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (292 KB) pages 195-203 downloads: 222* cite
APA 6th Edition
Jelkić, V. (2018). Pojam savjesti od Grka do Nietzschea. Filozofska istraživanja, 38 (1), 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
MLA 8th Edition
Jelkić, Vladimir. "Pojam savjesti od Grka do Nietzschea." Filozofska istraživanja, vol. 38, no. 1, 2018, pp. 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115. Accessed 13 Jul. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Jelkić, Vladimir. "Pojam savjesti od Grka do Nietzschea." Filozofska istraživanja 38, no. 1 (2018): 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
Harvard
Jelkić, V. (2018). 'Pojam savjesti od Grka do Nietzschea', Filozofska istraživanja, 38(1), pp. 195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
Vancouver
Jelkić V. Pojam savjesti od Grka do Nietzschea. Filozofska istraživanja [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2020 July 13];38(1):195-203. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115
IEEE
V. Jelkić, "Pojam savjesti od Grka do Nietzschea", Filozofska istraživanja, vol.38, no. 1, pp. 195-203, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21464/fi38115

Abstracts
This paper discusses the notion of conscience from a very broad historical perspective, but the author tries to clarify it by taking into consideration the points of view of only those thinkers that he considers crucial for understanding the meaning of the notion of conscience, and the way it has changed from Socrates to Nietzsche. The analysis begins with St. Paul’s hypotheses as interpreted by Joseph Ratzinger. After that, the author refers to Socrates’ notion of daimonion. The thesis moves on to discuss Hegel’s understanding of conscience, where conscience is emphasized as a component of modernity, but at the same time Hegel is also pointing at the very limit of conscience: that the essence of conscience lies in its subjectivity and this is where, according to Hegel, there is a possibility of conscience to transform into evil. Therefore, Hegel holds that the victory of Socrates perspective resulted in the reign of the particularity of purposes and interests in Athens. It is what has brought about the decline of Athens! Therefore, subjectivity should be within what Hegel calls “ethical life” (Sittlichkeit). Nietzsche observes the problem in a very different way: he relates conscience to the memory of “the godlike structure of our being”. Regardless of Nietzsche’s criticism of Socrates, the author concludes that, with both of them, the notion of conscience corresponds to the understanding of power and responsibility to self.

Keywords
conscience; Christianity; modernity; subjectivity; Socrates; Friedrich Nietzsche; Joseph Ratzinger; Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel; St. Paul; ethics

Hrčak ID: 204799

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/204799

[croatian]

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