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Pregledni rad
https://doi.org/10.2478/cirr-2018-0014

Energy Charter Treaty – Standards of Investment Protection

Orsat Miljenić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9191-3344 ; Croatian Parliament

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (379 KB) str. 52-83 preuzimanja: 520* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Miljenić, O. (2018). Energy Charter Treaty – Standards of Investment Protection. Croatian International Relations Review, 24 (83), 52-83. https://doi.org/10.2478/cirr-2018-0014
MLA 8th Edition
Miljenić, Orsat. "Energy Charter Treaty – Standards of Investment Protection." Croatian International Relations Review, vol. 24, br. 83, 2018, str. 52-83. https://doi.org/10.2478/cirr-2018-0014. Citirano 07.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Miljenić, Orsat. "Energy Charter Treaty – Standards of Investment Protection." Croatian International Relations Review 24, br. 83 (2018): 52-83. https://doi.org/10.2478/cirr-2018-0014
Harvard
Miljenić, O. (2018). 'Energy Charter Treaty – Standards of Investment Protection', Croatian International Relations Review, 24(83), str. 52-83. https://doi.org/10.2478/cirr-2018-0014
Vancouver
Miljenić O. Energy Charter Treaty – Standards of Investment Protection. Croatian International Relations Review [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 07.05.2021.];24(83):52-83. https://doi.org/10.2478/cirr-2018-0014
IEEE
O. Miljenić, "Energy Charter Treaty – Standards of Investment Protection", Croatian International Relations Review, vol.24, br. 83, str. 52-83, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.2478/cirr-2018-0014

Sažetak
The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) in its Part III which regulates standards of protection guaranteed to foreign investors by the ECT States members, together with the Article 24 of the ECT, constitutes a kind of autonomous investment treatment within the ECT. The ECT provides for a very broad spectrum of standards of protection: fair and equitable treatment; most constant protection and security; prohibition of unreasonable or discriminatory measures; „umbrella clause”; national treatment; most favoured-nation standard and effective means to assert the claims. It can be said that at the time of its drafting the ECT enclosed all standards of protection as recognized in BITs and NAFTA. There have been more than 100 publicly known investment arbitration cases where the ECT was invoked, more than 30 of which concluded by arbitral awards. This comprehensive arbitral practice strongly influences the practice applying other IIAs and vice versa.

Ključne riječi
Energy Charter Treaty; standards of protectio; , investment; arbitration

Hrčak ID: 206776

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/206776

Posjeta: 759 *