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Pregledni rad
https://doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.02.17

Multiple Sclerosis: New Aspects of Immunopathogenesis

Ines Lazibat ; Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia; Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
Maja Rubinić Majdak ; Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
Sven Županić ; Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 352-360 preuzimanja: 179* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Lazibat, I., Rubinić Majdak, M. i Županić, S. (2018). Multiple Sclerosis: New Aspects of Immunopathogenesis. Acta clinica Croatica, 57 (2), 352-360. https://doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.02.17
MLA 8th Edition
Lazibat, Ines, et al. "Multiple Sclerosis: New Aspects of Immunopathogenesis." Acta clinica Croatica, vol. 57, br. 2, 2018, str. 352-360. https://doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.02.17. Citirano 26.06.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Lazibat, Ines, Maja Rubinić Majdak i Sven Županić. "Multiple Sclerosis: New Aspects of Immunopathogenesis." Acta clinica Croatica 57, br. 2 (2018): 352-360. https://doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.02.17
Harvard
Lazibat, I., Rubinić Majdak, M., i Županić, S. (2018). 'Multiple Sclerosis: New Aspects of Immunopathogenesis', Acta clinica Croatica, 57(2), str. 352-360. doi: https://doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.02.17
Vancouver
Lazibat I, Rubinić Majdak M, Županić S. Multiple Sclerosis: New Aspects of Immunopathogenesis. Acta clinica Croatica [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 26.06.2019.];57(2):352-360. doi: https://doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.02.17
IEEE
I. Lazibat, M. Rubinić Majdak i S. Županić, "Multiple Sclerosis: New Aspects of Immunopathogenesis", Acta clinica Croatica, vol.57, br. 2, str. 352-360, 2018. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.02.17

Sažetak
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multicomponent disease characterized by inflammation, neurodegeneration, and cancellation of the central nervous system recovery mechanisms. The cause of MS is still unknown, but it is undeniable that genetic, environmental and immune factors are involved in the etiopathogenesis of this complex and heterogeneous disease. From the aspect of im-munopathogenesis, until recently the opinion prevailed that autoreactive T lymphocytes played a major role, the activation of which is a key step in MS. The knowledge of the effector and regulatory roles of B cells supports a new concept of MS immunopathogenesis that is based on the highly complex interaction of T and B cells, with B cells actively participating in cellular immunity by directing the intensity and quality of cellular immune response. The mechanisms of B cell activity in MS immunopathogenesis are multiple and include antigen presentation and T cell costimulation, cytokine secretion, antibody synthesis, and formation of ectopic lymphoid B cell aggregates in the intrameningeal spaces. The importance of B cells has been confirmed by modern therapeutic options for the treatment of MS.

Ključne riječi
Multiple Sclerosis; Inflammation; T-Lymphocytes; B-Lymphocytes; Immunity, Cellular

Hrčak ID: 207563

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/207563

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 444 *