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Efficacy of Agricultural Wastes in the Control of Rice Cyst Nematode (Heterodera sacchari)

Oluwatoyin Adenike Fabiyi   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Crop Protection, University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria
Oluremi Solomon Osunlola   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Crop Production, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria
Gabriel Ademola Olatunji   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Industrial Chemistry, University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria
Khassim Ajeka Umar   ORCID icon orcid.org/ORCID ; Department of Crop Protection, University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (513 KB) str. 329-334 preuzimanja: 90* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Fabiyi, O.A., Osunlola, O.S., Olatunji, G.A. i Umar, K.A. (2018). Efficacy of Agricultural Wastes in the Control of Rice Cyst Nematode (Heterodera sacchari). Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 83 (4), 329-334. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/207933
MLA 8th Edition
Fabiyi, Oluwatoyin Adenike, et al. "Efficacy of Agricultural Wastes in the Control of Rice Cyst Nematode (Heterodera sacchari)." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol. 83, br. 4, 2018, str. 329-334. https://hrcak.srce.hr/207933. Citirano 21.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Fabiyi, Oluwatoyin Adenike, Oluremi Solomon Osunlola, Gabriel Ademola Olatunji i Khassim Ajeka Umar. "Efficacy of Agricultural Wastes in the Control of Rice Cyst Nematode (Heterodera sacchari)." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 83, br. 4 (2018): 329-334. https://hrcak.srce.hr/207933
Harvard
Fabiyi, O.A., et al. (2018). 'Efficacy of Agricultural Wastes in the Control of Rice Cyst Nematode (Heterodera sacchari)', Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 83(4), str. 329-334. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/207933 (Datum pristupa: 21.10.2021.)
Vancouver
Fabiyi OA, Osunlola OS, Olatunji GA, Umar KA. Efficacy of Agricultural Wastes in the Control of Rice Cyst Nematode (Heterodera sacchari). Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 21.10.2021.];83(4):329-334. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/207933
IEEE
O.A. Fabiyi, O.S. Osunlola, G.A. Olatunji i K.A. Umar, "Efficacy of Agricultural Wastes in the Control of Rice Cyst Nematode (Heterodera sacchari)", Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol.83, br. 4, str. 329-334, 2018. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/207933. [Citirano: 21.10.2021.]

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Sažetak
Rice cultivation is endangered by plant parasitic nematodes. Rice cyst nematode (Heterodera sacchari Luc & Merni, 1963) is one of the nematode pests which affect the quantity and quality of rice. The use of synthetic nematicide has reduced considerably yield losses incurred by H. sacchari infestation; this achievement is associated with environmental damage and occurrence of pesticide residue in food. In an effort to redeem the environment, development of alternatives to conventional nematicide is imperative. Agricultural wastes are renewable source of bio-pesticides if properly processed. The objectives of this research were: to hydrolyze pentoses and convert it to furfural in agricultural wastes; to determine the amount of furfural in 100, 150 and 200 g of agricultural waste; to incorporate the agricultural waste material into the soil as soil amendment; to determine how much furfural was released in the process of acidic/enzymatic hydrolysis of the biomaterial, and to determine the nematicidal effect of furfural in control of rice cyst nematode. Corn cobs (CNCB), rice husks (RCEH) and sorghum husks (SGMH) were digested for furfural production in place of synthetic nematicide carbofuran (CBFN) options in the management of rice cyst nematode. The quantity of furfural in 100, 150 and 200 g of each waste was determined, and the agricultural wastes were applied as soil admixes. The sorghum husk (SGMH) produced the highest furfural amount (0.796). At quantity of 200 g SGMH was significantly (p=0.05) better than all other treatments on plant height, number of tillers and rice yield. There was no significant difference of the effect of rate of application (level) on final cyst count in soil and root. Agricultural wastes, especially sorghum husks, can serve as an alternative to the use of synthetic nematicide. Residual furfural was absent in the agricultural waste after harvest. Furfural is quickly broken down by soil microorganisms under aerobic conditions; hence, it is not toxic to the environment.

Ključne riječi
pollution; hydrolysate; nematicide; extraction; furfural; Heterodera sacchari; sorghum husks

Hrčak ID: 207933

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/207933

Posjeta: 247 *