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https://doi.org/10.21857/m16wjc67l9

The Field of the Gladiators on mosaics from ancient Aenona: archive research at culture institutions in Zadar and Nin

Martina Dubolnić Glavan   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-1202-896X ; Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts Institute for Historical Sciences in Zadar, Zadar, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (20 MB) str. 25-70 preuzimanja: 162* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Dubolnić Glavan, M. (2018). Poljana gladijatora na mozaicima antičke Enone: istraživanje u arhivima kulturnih institucija Zadra i Nina . Radovi Zavoda za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru, (60), 25-70. https://doi.org/10.21857/m16wjc67l9
MLA 8th Edition
Dubolnić Glavan, Martina. "Poljana gladijatora na mozaicima antičke Enone: istraživanje u arhivima kulturnih institucija Zadra i Nina ." Radovi Zavoda za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru, vol. , br. 60, 2018, str. 25-70. https://doi.org/10.21857/m16wjc67l9. Citirano 20.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Dubolnić Glavan, Martina. "Poljana gladijatora na mozaicima antičke Enone: istraživanje u arhivima kulturnih institucija Zadra i Nina ." Radovi Zavoda za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru , br. 60 (2018): 25-70. https://doi.org/10.21857/m16wjc67l9
Harvard
Dubolnić Glavan, M. (2018). 'Poljana gladijatora na mozaicima antičke Enone: istraživanje u arhivima kulturnih institucija Zadra i Nina ', Radovi Zavoda za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru, (60), str. 25-70. https://doi.org/10.21857/m16wjc67l9
Vancouver
Dubolnić Glavan M. Poljana gladijatora na mozaicima antičke Enone: istraživanje u arhivima kulturnih institucija Zadra i Nina . Radovi Zavoda za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 20.09.2020.];(60):25-70. https://doi.org/10.21857/m16wjc67l9
IEEE
M. Dubolnić Glavan, "Poljana gladijatora na mozaicima antičke Enone: istraživanje u arhivima kulturnih institucija Zadra i Nina ", Radovi Zavoda za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru, vol., br. 60, str. 25-70, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21857/m16wjc67l9

Sažetak
The paper analyzes a Roman mosaic with representations of gladiator fights and animals, discovered during World War Two on the Field of the Gladiators in Nin (position: the Šalov Garden). This unique Roman monument has been only partially preserved; the data on it are scarce. The applied method of research is particularly emphasised in the paper. This wider research framework enabled new approaches to collecting relevant information from various sources as well as new avenues for interpretation and valorization of this remarkable monument of ancient architecture. The circumstances of this find are such that various ambiguities still remain caused, among other issues, by archaeology itself. Various records kept at the archives of culture institutions offer an excellent means of filling in the blanks. Hence, various historical records constitute a first – rate source of information regarding not only the analysis of the Roman mosaic but also a comprehensive spatio – historic study of a certain part of the urban core of Nin. The monochromatic, black-and-white floor mosaic is an excellent example of mosaic production from the period of the Early Principate in the province of Dalmatia. The composition is geometrical, executed in the opus tessellatum technique. Various arena scenes are depicted: brutal fights, celebrations, gladiator equipment, floral, faunal and other motifs. The scenes are complemented by inscriptions in Latin – personal data on gladiators (equites, secutor, retiarius, murmilo, thraex) who had fought to their death in the arena. Animal motifs may also be interpreted as arena scenes representing the hunt (venatio). Based on the typology of framing bands (bordure) variants and other stylistic features, the composition may be dated to the period between the second half of the 1st ct. and the first decades of the 2nd ct. The mosaic from the Šalov Garden is discussed within the context of the urban architecture of Roman municipium Aenona as a work of high quality, which may be compared to similar accomplishments built in considerably larger and more important centres of the Empire (villa in Zliten near Leptis Magna, villa in Nennig near Trier, etc.). Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the architectural context of the mosaic is in fact a luxuriously furnished urban villa (domus urbana). The location in the immediate vicinity of the forum complex and the quality of the mosaic suggest that the person who commisioned the work was a member of the aristocracy. Persons from those ranks were commonly distinguished members of the community, holding important positions in the public life and administration of Roman towns, provinces and the Empire. The remains of this extraordinarily valuable mosaic are to this day buried under a thin layer of soil at the location of the Šalov Garden. The Field of the Gladiators in Nin should be properly researched with the full scope of archaeological methods available. Following a proper research programme which this excuisite find most certainly deserves, the mosaic shoud be adequately protected, conserved and presented to the general public.

Ključne riječi
Nin (Aenona); Roman mosaic; black-and-white; figural; arena scenes; gladiators; animals; munus gladiatorium; venatio; archive sources

Hrčak ID: 210537

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/210537

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 400 *