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Vera Ciliga

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (1 MB) str. 37-59 preuzimanja: 25* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Ciliga, V. (1975). O političkim koncepcijama i djelatnosti Samostalne narodne stranke 1863-1865. Časopis za suvremenu povijest, 7 (2), 37-59. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Ciliga, Vera. "O političkim koncepcijama i djelatnosti Samostalne narodne stranke 1863-1865." Časopis za suvremenu povijest, vol. 7, br. 2, 1975, str. 37-59. Citirano 17.07.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ciliga, Vera. "O političkim koncepcijama i djelatnosti Samostalne narodne stranke 1863-1865." Časopis za suvremenu povijest 7, br. 2 (1975): 37-59.
Ciliga, V. (1975). 'O političkim koncepcijama i djelatnosti Samostalne narodne stranke 1863-1865', Časopis za suvremenu povijest, 7(2), str. 37-59. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 17.07.2019.)
Ciliga V. O političkim koncepcijama i djelatnosti Samostalne narodne stranke 1863-1865. Časopis za suvremenu povijest [Internet]. 1975 [pristupljeno 17.07.2019.];7(2):37-59. Dostupno na:
V. Ciliga, "O političkim koncepcijama i djelatnosti Samostalne narodne stranke 1863-1865", Časopis za suvremenu povijest, vol.7, br. 2, str. 37-59, 1975. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 17.07.2019.]

The idea underlying the politics of the Independent People's Party (Samostalna narodna stranka), emphasized already in the program of 1863, was the principle that Croatia had rights as an independent entity and consonant with this the duty to determine the status of its rights in the Monarchy independently, and not in conjunction with Hungary. In accordance with this principle the Party took as a point of departure its political conceptions of 1848 from which arose the separation of Croatia from Hungary. Although of all parties, the Independent People's Party built least on historical rights, it was prepared to turn to them in order to strengthen the position of Croatia as a state. It differed from the other parties in that the viewpoints of the aristocrats received least expression in its publications, and it favored the democratization of politics, with the involvement of the widest range of social strata in political life.
Regarding the central government, the Independent press emphasized that the Croatian Office and the Viennese government did not have the same goals; to verify this assertion they indicated that the programmatic document "Conditionally or Unconditionally?" originated with the sanction of the Office. The demands expressed in this document were certainly not in accord with the centralistic tendencies in the Viennese government. Conditions for entrance into the Emperor's Council were, namely, an independent and autonomous budget, unification with Dalmatia and with a part of Krajina. Besides this it was emphasized that the Croatian Constitution and autonomy could not come into question, nor could the government ministers interfere in the issue of Croatia's autonomy. It was further emphasized that Inasmuch as Hungary obtained a different status as a state, those same rights must also be granted to Croatia.
In their writings the Independent politicians sharply differentiated between two freedoms: the political freedom of citizens and the freedom to develop national identity, and they consistently supported the latter. They were convinced that within the Hungarian community of nations, Croatians would not be able to attain conditions conductive to free national development, and hence supported an agreement with Vienna. Aside from this, they hinted that in the event an agreement with Vienna could not be reached, the Croatians still had the opportunity to negotiate with Budapest. On the other hand, inasmuch as the Croatians would first negotiate with Budapest, or rather send their representatives to the Hungarian Assembly, the significance of the Croatian Assembly would be greatly reduced and would become completely dependent on the Hungarian Assembly. In this event there would be no further possibility for Croatia to enter into any other combination of states' rights. They further stressed, quite correctly, that the Hungarians themselves were making agreements with Vienna and that in some transactions they treated the Monarchy as an equal unity. Insofar as negotiations were already under way, the Independents were convinced that it was more advantageous for Croatians to take part in them immediately rather than directly with Hungary.
In spite of the fact that the program demanded a lot, the majority of the populists did not support it from distrust that the program was merely a decoy to draw the Croatians into the Emperor's Council. The Independents were convinced that the main reason for this distrust was the widespread conviction that the goals of the Viennese government and the Croatian Office were identical, so they attacked such assertions in their publications. However, despite this, the majority of the populists continued to reject Independent policies and in their resistence joined the Unionists; in this way they strengthened the dualistic trend, which even without this support, became stronger in the political life of the Monarchy.

Hrčak ID: 216344



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