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Croatian salvage law in conditions of European integrations

Ranka Petrinović ; Pomorski fakultet Sveučilišta u Splitu, Split, Hrvatska
Bisera Plančić ; Pomorski fakultet Sveučilišta u Splitu, Split, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (341 KB) str. 123-144 preuzimanja: 722* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Petrinović, R. i Plančić, B. (2007). Hrvatsko pravo spašavanja u uvjetima europskih integracija. Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, 46 (161), 123-144. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/16601
MLA 8th Edition
Petrinović, Ranka i Bisera Plančić. "Hrvatsko pravo spašavanja u uvjetima europskih integracija." Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, vol. 46, br. 161, 2007, str. 123-144. https://hrcak.srce.hr/16601. Citirano 14.06.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Petrinović, Ranka i Bisera Plančić. "Hrvatsko pravo spašavanja u uvjetima europskih integracija." Poredbeno pomorsko pravo 46, br. 161 (2007): 123-144. https://hrcak.srce.hr/16601
Harvard
Petrinović, R., i Plančić, B. (2007). 'Hrvatsko pravo spašavanja u uvjetima europskih integracija', Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, 46(161), str. 123-144. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/16601 (Datum pristupa: 14.06.2021.)
Vancouver
Petrinović R, Plančić B. Hrvatsko pravo spašavanja u uvjetima europskih integracija. Poredbeno pomorsko pravo [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 14.06.2021.];46(161):123-144. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/16601
IEEE
R. Petrinović i B. Plančić, "Hrvatsko pravo spašavanja u uvjetima europskih integracija", Poredbeno pomorsko pravo, vol.46, br. 161, str. 123-144, 2007. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/16601. [Citirano: 14.06.2021.]

Sažetak
The paper deals with the role of salvors in protection of the marine environment as well as with the current position of salvors in the EU and in the Republic of Croatia. The importance of salvorsʼ work has increased considerably over the years. Only in 1980, for the first time, salvors took responsibility for the marine environment under the LOF 80 form in which they are stimulated toward the prevention or reduction of environmental damage during salvage. Nowadays, the prevention of marine environment pollution is one of the salvage priorities. Apart from the new roles that modern salvors have in marine environment protection, their potential responsibility has increased over the recent years. Taking into account that they are on the front line against environment pollution caused by vessel accidents, it is not rare that damages are being claimed also against salvors. According to the valid conventions, salvors are somewhat protected against such claims (1992 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage and The Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, 1996). Since the enactment of the Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage in 2001, salvors lose immunity if the claim is submitted against them, and the latest EU Directive (2005/35/EC) clears the passage for the criminal liability of all participants including the salvors. The question that causes constant worry to modern salvors is whether the compensation at their disposal is adequate in the case of pollution prevention with regard to their exposure to civil and criminal liability. The salvors need to find a way to convince the relevant state authorities, maritime experts and insurers to start paying greater or additional compensations as a stimulus to the salvors in marine environment protection, which would be, in the long term, the interest of all afore mentioned participants. The fact is that the current remuneration system is not satisfactory and does not sufficiently stimulate the salvors in the protection of the marine environment. Apart from the special compensation and SCOPIC compensation, salvors only have at their disposal the salvage award as their permanent source of income, and that is traditionally limited by the value of the salved property.

Ključne riječi
salvage at sea; places of refuge; IMO Resolution A 949 (23); ISU salvors; EU Directive 2002/59/EC; EU Directive 2005/35/EC; European integrations; marine environment protection;

Hrčak ID: 16601

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/16601

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.204 *