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https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6

Military Bakery and Flour Warehouse in the Supply Barracks in Tvrđa, Osijek: Construction, Design, Function

Irena Puk Sili   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-2655-420X ; Croatian Conservation Institute

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 92-92 preuzimanja: 23* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Puk Sili, I. (2018). Military Bakery and Flour Warehouse in the Supply Barracks in Tvrđa, Osijek: Construction, Design, Function. Portal, (9.), 92-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
MLA 8th Edition
Puk Sili, Irena. "Military Bakery and Flour Warehouse in the Supply Barracks in Tvrđa, Osijek: Construction, Design, Function." Portal, vol. , br. 9., 2018, str. 92-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6. Citirano 22.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Puk Sili, Irena. "Military Bakery and Flour Warehouse in the Supply Barracks in Tvrđa, Osijek: Construction, Design, Function." Portal , br. 9. (2018): 92-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
Harvard
Puk Sili, I. (2018). 'Military Bakery and Flour Warehouse in the Supply Barracks in Tvrđa, Osijek: Construction, Design, Function', Portal, (9.), str. 92-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
Vancouver
Puk Sili I. Military Bakery and Flour Warehouse in the Supply Barracks in Tvrđa, Osijek: Construction, Design, Function. Portal [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 22.11.2019.];(9.):92-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
IEEE
I. Puk Sili, "Military Bakery and Flour Warehouse in the Supply Barracks in Tvrđa, Osijek: Construction, Design, Function", Portal, vol., br. 9., str. 92-92, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (2 MB) str. 77-92 preuzimanja: 58* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Puk Sili, I. (2018). Vojna pekara i skladište brašna u sklopu Opskrbničke vojarne u osječkoj Tvrđi – gradnja, oblikovanje, funkcija. Portal, (9.), 77-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
MLA 8th Edition
Puk Sili, Irena. "Vojna pekara i skladište brašna u sklopu Opskrbničke vojarne u osječkoj Tvrđi – gradnja, oblikovanje, funkcija." Portal, vol. , br. 9., 2018, str. 77-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6. Citirano 22.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Puk Sili, Irena. "Vojna pekara i skladište brašna u sklopu Opskrbničke vojarne u osječkoj Tvrđi – gradnja, oblikovanje, funkcija." Portal , br. 9. (2018): 77-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
Harvard
Puk Sili, I. (2018). 'Vojna pekara i skladište brašna u sklopu Opskrbničke vojarne u osječkoj Tvrđi – gradnja, oblikovanje, funkcija', Portal, (9.), str. 77-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
Vancouver
Puk Sili I. Vojna pekara i skladište brašna u sklopu Opskrbničke vojarne u osječkoj Tvrđi – gradnja, oblikovanje, funkcija. Portal [Internet]. 2018 [pristupljeno 22.11.2019.];(9.):77-92. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6
IEEE
I. Puk Sili, "Vojna pekara i skladište brašna u sklopu Opskrbničke vojarne u osječkoj Tvrđi – gradnja, oblikovanje, funkcija", Portal, vol., br. 9., str. 77-92, 2018. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.17018/portal.2018.6

Sažetak
The building housing the military bakery and flour warehouse was built on an important strategic position within the Supply Barracks, as part of the Bastion VIII of Eugen of Savoy in the Tvrđa fortress in Osijek. It was built in the mid-18th century, and preserved historical and archive drawings confirm that it has kept its original form and shape, with smaller subsequent interventions caused by advances in technology in the 19th and 20th centuries. It was built for military purposes in the mid-18th century, but developed through several construction phases. It represents a perfect monument of utilitarian construction, with food production technology whose process can still be reconstructed on the basis of the preserved equipment. First-rate military builders understood the technique for storing raw materials for making bread as well as technical requirements of a bakery. The military bakery is located in the north part of the city with less traffic to prevent pollution from smells, smoke, dust, etc. The location was also determined by the proximity of drinking water and energy sources, and, most likely, the vicinity of the river port, where ships brought supplies such as flour, salt and yeast, since there were not enough supplies in Osijek prior to the construction of the Supply Barracks and military bakery. The military bakery is a monumental two-storey brick building that had the central function of the supply and warehouse system of Tvrđa in Osijek. The supply of bread and other baked goods continued throughout the 19th century, when the newly built military facilities outside the Fortress were supplied, until the 1970s. Brick ovens were found on the ground floor, and graffiti were on the walls in the interior. The graffiti represent a spontaneously created decoration on the surface, and new elements were added over time. The size and motifs of the graffiti templates differ, and they are a testimony to the work and imagination of soldiers, and moments from their lives. We can conclude that the continuous production of baked goods from the time of the construction until the second half of the 20th century preserved and, very likely, prevented the devastation of the fortification complex that the bakery was part of. Therefore, details discovered on the basis of the results of conservation and restoration research will be relevant to the revitalization and reconstruction of the building.

Ključne riječi
Osijek; Tvrđa in Osijek; military bakery and flour warehouse; 18th century; production of baked goods; graffiti, construction development; conservation research

Hrčak ID: 218325

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/218325

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 139 *