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Original scientific paper

Sawmark Analysis of Three Cases of Amputation and a Craniotomy from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Hospital Necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy)

Lucia Martina Scalise ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Antonino Vazzana ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Mirko Traversari ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Giorgio Gruppioni ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Carla Figus ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Eugenio Bortolini ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Salvatore Andrea Apicella ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Flavia Fiorillo ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy
Federico Taverni ; Department of Cultural Heritage University of Bologna Via degli Ariani 1, 48121, Ravenna, Italy

Fulltext: english, pdf (5 MB) pages 211-222 downloads: 86* cite
APA 6th Edition
Scalise, L.M., Vazzana, A., Traversari, M., Gruppioni, G., Figus, C., Bortolini, E., ... Taverni, F. (2018). Sawmark Analysis of Three Cases of Amputation and a Craniotomy from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Hospital Necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy). Collegium antropologicum, 42 (3), 211-222. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/218699
MLA 8th Edition
Scalise, Lucia Martina, et al. " Sawmark Analysis of Three Cases of Amputation and a Craniotomy from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Hospital Necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy)." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 42, no. 3, 2018, pp. 211-222. https://hrcak.srce.hr/218699. Accessed 18 Apr. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Scalise, Lucia Martina, Antonino Vazzana, Mirko Traversari, Giorgio Gruppioni, Carla Figus, Eugenio Bortolini, Salvatore Andrea Apicella, Flavia Fiorillo and Federico Taverni. " Sawmark Analysis of Three Cases of Amputation and a Craniotomy from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Hospital Necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy)." Collegium antropologicum 42, no. 3 (2018): 211-222. https://hrcak.srce.hr/218699
Harvard
Scalise, L.M., et al. (2018). ' Sawmark Analysis of Three Cases of Amputation and a Craniotomy from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Hospital Necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy)', Collegium antropologicum, 42(3), pp. 211-222. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/218699 (Accessed 18 April 2021)
Vancouver
Scalise LM, Vazzana A, Traversari M, Gruppioni G, Figus C, Bortolini E, et al. Sawmark Analysis of Three Cases of Amputation and a Craniotomy from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Hospital Necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy). Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 April 18];42(3):211-222. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/218699
IEEE
L.M. Scalise, et al., " Sawmark Analysis of Three Cases of Amputation and a Craniotomy from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Hospital Necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy)", Collegium antropologicum, vol.42, no. 3, pp. 211-222, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/218699. [Accessed: 18 April 2021]

Abstracts
The seventeenth-eighteenth century hospital necropolis of Forlì Campus (Forlì, Italy) was discovered during the Forlì Campus building work in 2014. Three cases of limb amputation and a craniotomy are examined using the forensic approach of sawmark analysis in order to understand features of the surgical instruments employed and to gain insight into the position of the surgeon during the cutting actions. With the aid of high definition photographs and moulds, we analyzed the cut surfaces of each sample, also using stereomicroscopy and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy). A qualitative and quantitative approach was used in the analysis of the kerf features (e.g. breakaway spur and notch, tooth scratches and hop, exit chipping), and empirical evidence was compared against comparisons coeval surgical essays. We hypothesize that a linear hand-powered push saw and an alternated push saw with a 2mm distance between the teeth were used for amputations. The craniotomy was executed presumably using a linear hand-powered saw with the set of the blade circa 1.3mm wide.

Through the application of forensic methods on individuals from archaeological context we describe early cases of surgical practice in a more technical way.

Keywords
osteoarchaeology; forensic anthropology; history of medicine; history of surgery

Hrčak ID: 218699

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/218699

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