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https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.01

The influence of roasting conditions on volatile flavour compounds in raw and roasted cashew kernels (Anacadium ocidentale) grown in Nigeria

OLAWALE PAUL OLATIDOYE   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-6926-9724 ; Department of Food Technology, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B 2011, Yaba, Lagos state, Nigeria
TAOFIK AKINYEMI SHITTU ; Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria
SAMUEL OLUSEGUN AWONORIN ; Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria
EMMANUEL SUNDAY AKIN AJISEGIRI ; Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (680 KB) str. 1-10 preuzimanja: 74* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
OLATIDOYE, O.P., SHITTU, T.A., AWONORIN, S.O. i AJISEGIRI, E.S.A. (2019). The influence of roasting conditions on volatile flavour compounds in raw and roasted cashew kernels (Anacadium ocidentale) grown in Nigeria. Croatian journal of food science and technology, 11 (1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.01
MLA 8th Edition
OLATIDOYE, OLAWALE PAUL, et al. "The influence of roasting conditions on volatile flavour compounds in raw and roasted cashew kernels (Anacadium ocidentale) grown in Nigeria." Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol. 11, br. 1, 2019, str. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.01. Citirano 12.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
OLATIDOYE, OLAWALE PAUL, TAOFIK AKINYEMI SHITTU, SAMUEL OLUSEGUN AWONORIN i EMMANUEL SUNDAY AKIN AJISEGIRI. "The influence of roasting conditions on volatile flavour compounds in raw and roasted cashew kernels (Anacadium ocidentale) grown in Nigeria." Croatian journal of food science and technology 11, br. 1 (2019): 1-10. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.01
Harvard
OLATIDOYE, O.P., et al. (2019). 'The influence of roasting conditions on volatile flavour compounds in raw and roasted cashew kernels (Anacadium ocidentale) grown in Nigeria', Croatian journal of food science and technology, 11(1), str. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.01
Vancouver
OLATIDOYE OP, SHITTU TA, AWONORIN SO, AJISEGIRI ESA. The influence of roasting conditions on volatile flavour compounds in raw and roasted cashew kernels (Anacadium ocidentale) grown in Nigeria. Croatian journal of food science and technology [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 12.11.2019.];11(1):1-10. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.01
IEEE
O.P. OLATIDOYE, T.A. SHITTU, S.O. AWONORIN i E.S.A. AJISEGIRI, "The influence of roasting conditions on volatile flavour compounds in raw and roasted cashew kernels (Anacadium ocidentale) grown in Nigeria", Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol.11, br. 1, str. 1-10, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2019.11.1.01

Sažetak
The use of inappropriate temperature-time combinations during the roasting of nuts could lead to quality defects, such as burnt taste, short shelf-life, rancidity, and poor flavour. In this study, cashew kernels were roasted in a forced airflow-drying oven for 20, 40, and 60 min at 100, 120, 140, and 160 °C. The products were evaluated for volatile flavour compounds and the sensory evaluation of the roasted cashew kernels at different roasting conditions. The volatile fraction was isolated using the combined steam distillation–extraction procedure and identified by gas chromatography–flame-ionization detection (GC-FID). The consumer acceptability test was carried out by 100 panellists using nine point hedonic scales to assess preferences for like or dislike, colour, taste, texture, flavour, and overall acceptability. It was found that there were significant differences in flavour compounds between the different conditions of roasting. Twenty-nine volatile compounds were identified in both fresh and roasted cashew kernels comprising five main classes, which consist of 12 hydrocarbons, eight aldehydes, four ketones, three alcohols, and one acid. The volatile compounds (mg/100 g) ranged from 5.03x10-2 to 1.20 (2-butanone), 7.46x10-6 to 1.85 (hexanal), 8.91x10-6 to 1.94 (acetone), 6.74x10-1 to 2.24 (benzaldehyde). The amount of generated volatile compounds increased as the roasting temperature and time increased. The consumer acceptability test revealed that samples roasted for 40 or 60 min at 140 °C produced the most acceptable product in terms of all the measured attributes. The study showed that the roasting conditions produced acceptable cashew kernels of desirable colour and superior flavour quality that enhance direct and commercial utilization.

Ključne riječi
roasting; temperature; time; volatile flavour; cashew nut

Hrčak ID: 220678

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/220678

Posjeta: 137 *