APA 6th Edition Velički, D. (2007). Koncept “borbene demokracije” u SR Njemačkoj. Politička misao, 44 (4), 35-54. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/20779
MLA 8th Edition Velički, Damir. "Koncept “borbene demokracije” u SR Njemačkoj." Politička misao, vol. 44, no. 4, 2007, pp. 35-54. https://hrcak.srce.hr/20779. Accessed 18 May 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition Velički, Damir. "Koncept “borbene demokracije” u SR Njemačkoj." Politička misao 44, no. 4 (2007): 35-54. https://hrcak.srce.hr/20779
Harvard Velički, D. (2007). 'Koncept “borbene demokracije” u SR Njemačkoj', Politička misao, 44(4), pp. 35-54. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/20779 (Accessed 18 May 2021)
Vancouver Velički D. Koncept “borbene demokracije” u SR Njemačkoj. Politička misao [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2021 May 18];44(4):35-54. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/20779
IEEE D. Velički, "Koncept “borbene demokracije” u SR Njemačkoj", Politička misao, vol.44, no. 4, pp. 35-54, 2007. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/20779. [Accessed: 18 May 2021]
Abstracts Due to the historical experience with the Weimar Republic, some abiding constitutional principles have been built into the new Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany (its Fundamental Law). Instead of the positivist and formalistic interpretation of democracy of the Weimar Constitution, the authors of the Fundamental Law have opted for the concept of the so-called “militant democracy” i.e. democracy firmly linked to certain values. The concept of “militant democracy” is found in a number of articles in the German Fundamental Law, as a preemptive protection of democracy and a bulwark against extremist positions even before extremist groups break any law. The concept of “militant democracy” is based on the democratictheoretical and sociological-philosophical assumptions by Karl Loewenstein and Karl Mannheim. They have been converted into constitutional practice and incorporated into the German Fundamental Law. However, the instruments of “militant democracy” do not include only the protective measures stipulated by the Constitution but an array of other measures of different intensity. Various instruments of “militant democracy” meant to protect democracy in the FR of Germany are described and include the discursive, penal-legal, administrative and constitutional-legal protection of democracy. The instruments of the protection of democracy in the Federal Republic of Germany are not unique, but some instruments e.g. the possibility of banning political parties are very rare in western democracies. And finally, this situation is briefly compared to the situation in some western and postcommunist democracies.