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Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/20.3.2313

Changes in sugar beet production in the Czech Republic and Poland after the year 2000

Pavel Kotyza   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-7706-7372 ; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economic and Management, Department of Economics, Kamycka 129, 165-21 Prague, Czech Republic
Luboš Smutka ; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economic and Management, Department of Trade and Finance, Kamycka 129, 165-21 Prague, Czech Republic
Karolina Pawlak ; Poznan University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Department of Economics and Economy Policy in Agribusiness, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznań, Poland

Fulltext: english, pdf (581 KB) pages 1023-1043 downloads: 160* cite
APA 6th Edition
Kotyza, P., Smutka, L. & Pawlak, K. (2019). Changes in sugar beet production in the Czech Republic and Poland after the year 2000. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 20 (3), 1023-1043. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/20.3.2313
MLA 8th Edition
Kotyza, Pavel, et al. "Changes in sugar beet production in the Czech Republic and Poland after the year 2000." Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol. 20, no. 3, 2019, pp. 1023-1043. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/20.3.2313. Accessed 26 Nov. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kotyza, Pavel, Luboš Smutka and Karolina Pawlak. "Changes in sugar beet production in the Czech Republic and Poland after the year 2000." Journal of Central European Agriculture 20, no. 3 (2019): 1023-1043. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/20.3.2313
Harvard
Kotyza, P., Smutka, L., and Pawlak, K. (2019). 'Changes in sugar beet production in the Czech Republic and Poland after the year 2000', Journal of Central European Agriculture, 20(3), pp. 1023-1043. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/20.3.2313
Vancouver
Kotyza P, Smutka L, Pawlak K. Changes in sugar beet production in the Czech Republic and Poland after the year 2000. Journal of Central European Agriculture [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2020 November 26];20(3):1023-1043. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/20.3.2313
IEEE
P. Kotyza, L. Smutka and K. Pawlak, "Changes in sugar beet production in the Czech Republic and Poland after the year 2000", Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol.20, no. 3, pp. 1023-1043, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/20.3.2313

Abstracts
After the EU 2006 policy reform, EU sugar industry was undergoing fascinating development. The main aim of the contribution was to compare, how changes influenced sugar beet producers in the Czech Republic and Poland. In Poland, farmers were able to increase the average size of cultivated land while number of farmers decreased by 70%, yields and sugar content improved. In the Czech Republic, no significant improvement in average area per grower and sugar content was noticed, improvement was observed in the yield and total production. Most of the beet production is located close to sugar refineries, due to logistics constraints. Czech farms operate under higher costs and lower per hectare profit margin. Producer are operating under almost perfect competition, as Herfindahl-Hirschman index for producers is equal to 29.96 and 3.12 for the Czech Republic and Poland respectively. Distribution of sugar beet area among farmers, measured by the Gini coefficient, is qualified as very highly unequal. In both markets, differences in market powers exists. Dominance of Retail and Sugar producers over sugar-beet growers exists. Average price of beet has an increasing trend, although share of beet price on sugar price stagnated. After the end of the sugar quota system in 2017, growers will face pressure to further decrease the price of beet, as the price of sugar is expected to be down due to higher sugar supply. Improving production efficiency will be required.

Keywords
Czech Republic; Gini; Herfindahl-Hirschman Index; Lorenz curve; market concentration; Poland; price; production; region; sugar beet

Hrčak ID: 225164

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/225164

[czech]

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