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Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement

Varahabhatla Vamsi ; Zaporozhye State Medical University, UkrainebDepartment of Neurology, Zaporozhye State Medical University, Ukraine
Aitham Venkat Ratnam ; Zaporozhye State Medical University, UkrainebDepartment of Neurology, Zaporozhye State Medical University, Ukraine
Marina Sikorska ; Zaporozhye State Medical University, UkrainebDepartment of Neurology, Zaporozhye State Medical University, Ukraine; UkrainebDepartment of Neurology, Zaporozhye State Medical University, Ukraine
Ganna Gritsayc ; Department of Family Medicine, Zaporozhye State Medical University, Ukraine
Ingrid Prkacin ; Department of Internal Medicine, Zagreb School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (63 KB) str. 0-0 preuzimanja: 6* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Vamsi, V., Venkat Ratnam, A., Sikorska, M., Gritsayc, G. i Prkacin, I. (2019). Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement. Liječnički vjesnik, 141 (suppl.1), 0-0. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/225532
MLA 8th Edition
Vamsi, Varahabhatla, et al. "Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement." Liječnički vjesnik, vol. 141, br. suppl.1, 2019, str. 0-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/225532. Citirano 06.12.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vamsi, Varahabhatla, Aitham Venkat Ratnam, Marina Sikorska, Ganna Gritsayc i Ingrid Prkacin. "Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement." Liječnički vjesnik 141, br. suppl.1 (2019): 0-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/225532
Harvard
Vamsi, V., et al. (2019). 'Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement', Liječnički vjesnik, 141(suppl.1), str. 0-0. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225532 (Datum pristupa: 06.12.2019.)
Vancouver
Vamsi V, Venkat Ratnam A, Sikorska M, Gritsayc G, Prkacin I. Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement. Liječnički vjesnik [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 06.12.2019.];141(suppl.1):0-0. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225532
IEEE
V. Vamsi, A. Venkat Ratnam, M. Sikorska, G. Gritsayc i I. Prkacin, "Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement", Liječnički vjesnik, vol.141, br. suppl.1, str. 0-0, 2019. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/225532. [Citirano: 06.12.2019.]

Sažetak
INTRODUCTION The blood supply of the brain gradually reduces with ongoing age, the cerebral cortex undergoes atrophy, causes cognitive inhibition converting to vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s
in later stages. The relation between cognitive impairment (CI) and high blood pressure has been long studied in elderly patients, necessitating for further research and evidence on this topic. AIM To study the parameters of arterial stiffness (AS): central blood pressure (CBP), pulse wave velocity (PWV) in patients with hypertension and determine it’s relationship with vascular CI. METHODS AND MATERIALS A systematic literature review was performed using a standardised
published methodology; 25 studies were selected from last 10 years from google search engine, Pubmed central and NCBI with keywords like AS, CBP, PWV, CI. RESULTS PWV was a significant and independently associated with cognitive function when measured with mini mental state examination in an elderly population in Japan. The relationship between high vascular stiffness and CI is explained as the disturbance in regulation of endothelial nitric oxide release. This in turn causes a neuronal energy crisis initiated by cerebral hypoperfusion due to impaired vascular tone and develops CI. As elderly population tend to have an increased risk for arteriosclerosis which is highly predicted by PWV, these patients are highly prone to develop vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s in future. CONCLUSION An inverse relation between AS and cognitive function was found and provided an evidence to vascular hypothesis of vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s. Prospective studies involving these early predictive markers PWV and AS may help in therapeutic intervention and progression of the disease.

Ključne riječi
arterial stiffness, central blood pressure, hypertension, cognitive impairment, vascular dementia

Hrčak ID: 225532

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/225532

Posjeta: 32 *