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https://doi.org/10.21278/TOF.43302

Wind Characteristics in the Wake of a Non-Rotating Wind Turbine close to a Hill

Hrvoje Kozmar ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, Croatia
Davide Allori ; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Gianni Bartoli ; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Claudio Borri ; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (3 MB) str. 13-36 preuzimanja: 55* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Kozmar, H., Allori, D., Bartoli, G. i Borri, C. (2019). Wind Characteristics in the Wake of a Non-Rotating Wind Turbine close to a Hill. Transactions of FAMENA, 43 (3), 13-36. https://doi.org/10.21278/TOF.43302
MLA 8th Edition
Kozmar, Hrvoje, et al. "Wind Characteristics in the Wake of a Non-Rotating Wind Turbine close to a Hill." Transactions of FAMENA, vol. 43, br. 3, 2019, str. 13-36. https://doi.org/10.21278/TOF.43302. Citirano 29.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kozmar, Hrvoje, Davide Allori, Gianni Bartoli i Claudio Borri. "Wind Characteristics in the Wake of a Non-Rotating Wind Turbine close to a Hill." Transactions of FAMENA 43, br. 3 (2019): 13-36. https://doi.org/10.21278/TOF.43302
Harvard
Kozmar, H., et al. (2019). 'Wind Characteristics in the Wake of a Non-Rotating Wind Turbine close to a Hill', Transactions of FAMENA, 43(3), str. 13-36. https://doi.org/10.21278/TOF.43302
Vancouver
Kozmar H, Allori D, Bartoli G, Borri C. Wind Characteristics in the Wake of a Non-Rotating Wind Turbine close to a Hill. Transactions of FAMENA [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 29.02.2020.];43(3):13-36. https://doi.org/10.21278/TOF.43302
IEEE
H. Kozmar, D. Allori, G. Bartoli i C. Borri, "Wind Characteristics in the Wake of a Non-Rotating Wind Turbine close to a Hill", Transactions of FAMENA, vol.43, br. 3, str. 13-36, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.21278/TOF.43302

Sažetak
Hilly terrain may considerably influence energy yield and structural loading of wind turbines. Wind energy developers are therefore required to accurately predict wind characteristics at the wind farm site already in the designing phase. It is necessary to determine how particular hill shape and size affect wind characteristics at the location of wind turbines operating in the wake of a hill. In order to address this complex issue, small-scale laboratory experiments were carried out in a boundary layer wind tunnel (BLWT). The focus was on characteristics of the flow at the same position downstream of the hill and the wind turbine models studied on various sizes and shapes of the hill model. Three hill models (a small and a large hill with laterally uniform heights and a hill with a bay) were exposed to the thermally neutrally stratified atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) simulation. In each experiment, there was only one hill model in the BLWT test section. The configuration without the hill, i.e. the flat terrain model, was tested as a reference case. Downstream of the hill model, there was a single (alone-standing) wind turbine model. Flow characteristics were studied downstream (behind) the wind turbine model. The wind turbine model was in the parking position in order to study wind characteristics in the situation with a strong wind when there is no rotation of rotor blades. The experimental results indicate a velocity decrease and stronger turbulence in the wind turbine wake in the presence of a hill, which trend is more pronounced in the case of larger hills. Strong velocity gradients are observed around the hub height in the large hill configuration, while this velocity deficit is the smallest in the hill with a bay configuration due to flow channeling. The velocity power spectra reveal the characteristic peak due to the vortex shedding from the hill ridge. The obtained results provide a new insight into the turbulent wake characteristics of a single wind turbine placed downstream of a hill with a potential to serve as a validation tool for computational studies.

Ključne riječi
wind energy; wind turbine; hilly terrain; aerodynamic characteristics; wind tunnel experiments

Projekti
HRZZ / IP / IP-2016-06-2017 / WESLO - Opterećenja vjetra i mora na energetske konstrukcije

Hrčak ID: 227490

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/227490

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