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https://doi.org/10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05

The Clinical Relevance of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Opium Addicts with Severe Abdominal Pain

Iraj Shahramian ; Department of Pediatrics, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Noor Mohammad Noori ; Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Children and Adolescents Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Mahdi Afshari ; Department of Community Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Mojtaba Delaramnasab ; Clinical Research Development Unit, Amir-Al-Momenin Hospital, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Ali Bazi ; Clinical Research Development Unit, Amir-Al-Momenin Hospital, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Motahareh Abdollahi ; Committee of Student Research, Original paper Archives of Psychiatry Research 2019;55:165-172 DOI:10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05 Received November 15, 2018, accepted after revision May 17, 2019 Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (383 KB) str. 165-172 preuzimanja: 25* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Shahramian, I., Noori, N.M., Afshari, M., Delaramnasab, M., Bazi, A. i Abdollahi, M. (2019). The Clinical Relevance of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Opium Addicts with Severe Abdominal Pain. Archives of Psychiatry Research, 55 (2), 165-172. https://doi.org/10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05
MLA 8th Edition
Shahramian, Iraj, et al. "The Clinical Relevance of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Opium Addicts with Severe Abdominal Pain." Archives of Psychiatry Research, vol. 55, br. 2, 2019, str. 165-172. https://doi.org/10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05. Citirano 22.01.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Shahramian, Iraj, Noor Mohammad Noori, Mahdi Afshari, Mojtaba Delaramnasab, Ali Bazi i Motahareh Abdollahi. "The Clinical Relevance of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Opium Addicts with Severe Abdominal Pain." Archives of Psychiatry Research 55, br. 2 (2019): 165-172. https://doi.org/10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05
Harvard
Shahramian, I., et al. (2019). 'The Clinical Relevance of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Opium Addicts with Severe Abdominal Pain', Archives of Psychiatry Research, 55(2), str. 165-172. https://doi.org/10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05
Vancouver
Shahramian I, Noori NM, Afshari M, Delaramnasab M, Bazi A, Abdollahi M. The Clinical Relevance of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Opium Addicts with Severe Abdominal Pain. Archives of Psychiatry Research [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 22.01.2020.];55(2):165-172. https://doi.org/10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05
IEEE
I. Shahramian, N.M. Noori, M. Afshari, M. Delaramnasab, A. Bazi i M. Abdollahi, "The Clinical Relevance of Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Opium Addicts with Severe Abdominal Pain", Archives of Psychiatry Research, vol.55, br. 2, str. 165-172, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.20471/dec.2019.55.02.05

Sažetak
There are inconsistencies regarding the association of blood lead level (BLL) in opium addicts with severe abdominal pain. In present study, we aimed to assess BLL in opium addicts presented with severe abdominal pain. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 60 opium-addicted individuals admitted to our rehabilitation center in Zabol city during February-October 2016. BLL was measured using potentiometric-stripping analysis (PSA) method. Statistical analysis was conducted in SPSS 20 software. From 60 addicts re-cruited, 47 (78.3%) were males. The mean age was 40.3±18.1 years old. The mean BLL was 43.1±117.4 µg/ dl. Considering a threshold of 18 µg/dl, 22 (37.6%) of the addicts had elevated BLL. The mean BLL in addicts with oral, inhalation and mixed method of consumptions were 54.9±1.5 µg/dl, 47.4±9.2 µg/dl, and 10.1±95 µg/dl respectively (P=0.5). No differences were found regarding the mean BLL among different age groups or between different genders. Furthermore, there were no significant difference in neither hematological pa-rameters or liver enzyme in addicts with normal and elevated BLL. The BLL was not of significant difference in addicts with different methods of opium usage and severe abdominal pain. It is recommended to investigate the effects of factors such as the duration of opium usage and the concentration of lead in opium to influ-ence BLL.

Ključne riječi
lead toxicity; opiate narcotics; addiction; abdominal pain; opium

Hrčak ID: 228434

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/228434

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