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https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2019.1660201

Energy production-income-carbon emissions nexus in the perspective of N.A.F.T.A. and B.R.I.C. nations: a dynamic panel data approach

Zia Ur Rahman ; Research School for Southeast Asian Studies, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
Hongbo Cai ; Business School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Shoukat Iqbal Khattak   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-1348-4169 ; School of Business Administration, Jimei University, Jimei District, Xiamen, China
Mohammad Maruf Hasan   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-0597-458X ; Research School for Southeast Asian Studies, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 3378-3391 preuzimanja: 52* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Ur Rahman, Z., Cai, H., Khattak, S.I. i Maruf Hasan, M. (2019). Energy production-income-carbon emissions nexus in the perspective of N.A.F.T.A. and B.R.I.C. nations: a dynamic panel data approach. Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, 32 (1), 3378-3391. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2019.1660201
MLA 8th Edition
Ur Rahman, Zia, et al. "Energy production-income-carbon emissions nexus in the perspective of N.A.F.T.A. and B.R.I.C. nations: a dynamic panel data approach." Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, vol. 32, br. 1, 2019, str. 3378-3391. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2019.1660201. Citirano 28.03.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Ur Rahman, Zia, Hongbo Cai, Shoukat Iqbal Khattak i Mohammad Maruf Hasan. "Energy production-income-carbon emissions nexus in the perspective of N.A.F.T.A. and B.R.I.C. nations: a dynamic panel data approach." Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja 32, br. 1 (2019): 3378-3391. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2019.1660201
Harvard
Ur Rahman, Z., et al. (2019). 'Energy production-income-carbon emissions nexus in the perspective of N.A.F.T.A. and B.R.I.C. nations: a dynamic panel data approach', Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, 32(1), str. 3378-3391. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2019.1660201
Vancouver
Ur Rahman Z, Cai H, Khattak SI, Maruf Hasan M. Energy production-income-carbon emissions nexus in the perspective of N.A.F.T.A. and B.R.I.C. nations: a dynamic panel data approach. Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 28.03.2020.];32(1):3378-3391. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2019.1660201
IEEE
Z. Ur Rahman, H. Cai, S.I. Khattak i M. Maruf Hasan, "Energy production-income-carbon emissions nexus in the perspective of N.A.F.T.A. and B.R.I.C. nations: a dynamic panel data approach", Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, vol.32, br. 1, str. 3378-3391, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2019.1660201

Sažetak
This paper has attempted to examine the impact of innovation and energy production (i. e., oil, natural gas, and coal) on carbon dioxide emissions (CO2e) in the context of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (E.K.C.) hypothesis. Data were analysed for economies in B.R.I.C. (Brazil, India, Russia, and China) and North American Free Trade Agreement (N.A.F.T.A.) (the U.S., Canada, and Mexico) from 1992 to 2016. Based on the Hausman specification test, the panel mean group (P.M.G.) estimation approach was adopted. The empirical results suggested that an upsurge in coal and oil production has increased, while the gas production has disrupted CO2e in the long run. An insignificant yet positive relationship was observed between innovation and CO2e. The positive effect of per capita income and the negative effect of per capita income (square) on CO2e validated the presence of the E.K.C. hypothesis in the sampled economies. With the results showing an acute over-dependency on carbon-intensive energy sources (coal and oil), an imminent need exists for production of natural gas; at the same time, more investments are needed for exploration of low carbon-intensive renewable energy sources for environmental sustainability.

Ključne riječi
CO 2 emissions; energy production; innovation; environmental Kuznets curve (E.K.C.); panel mean group (P.M.G.) Model

Hrčak ID: 229682

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/229682

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